How to multiply whole column in Excel

Multiplying and dividing numbers in Excel

Multiplying and dividing in Excel is a breeze, but you need to create a simple formula for them. Just remember that all formulas in Excel start with an equal sign (=) and that the formula bar can be used to create formulas.

Multiplying numbers

For example, let's say you want to find out how much bottling water you need for a customer conference (total attendees × 4 days × 3 bottles per day) or the travel cost for a business trip (total miles × 0.46). There are several ways to multiply numbers.

Multiplying numbers in a cell

To do this, use the arithmetic Operator * (Asterisk).

For example, if you =5*10 typing in a cell, the cell will show the result 50 at.

Multiply a column of numbers by a constant number

For example, suppose you want to multiply each cell in a column of seven numbers by a number contained in another cell. In this example, the number you want to multiply by is 3, which is in cell C2.

  1. Give You = A2 * $ B $ 2 in a new column in the table (column D is used in the example above). Be sure to use a $ symbol before B and before 2 in the formula and press ENTER.

    Note: If you use $ symbols, Excel indicates that the reference to B2 is "absolute," which means that when you copy the formula to another cell, the reference is always to cell B2. If you didn't use $ symbols in the formula and dragged the formula down into cell B3, Excel would change the formula to = A3 * C3, which won't work because there is no value in B3.

  2. Drag the formula down onto the other cells in the column.

    Note: In Excel 2016 Windows, the cells are filled in automatically.

Multiplying numbers in different cells using a formula

You can use the PRODUCT function to multiply numbers, cells, and ranges.

You can use any combination of up to 255 numbers or cell references in the function PRODUCT use. The formula = PRODUCT (A2; A4: A15; 12; E3: E5; 150; G4; H4: J6) for example, multiplies two individual cells (A2 and G4), two numbers (12 and 150), and three ranges (A4: A15, E3: E5, and H4: J6).

Dividing numbers

Suppose you want to find out how many hours per person it took to complete a project (total project hours ÷ people on project) or the actual miles per liter for your last country trip (total miles ÷ total galgal). There are several ways to divide numbers.

Divide numbers in a cell

To do this, use the arithmetic Operator / (Slash).

For example, if you =10/5 typing in a cell shows the cell 2 on.

Important: Be sure to enter an equal sign (=) in the cell before the numbers and the operator /enter. Otherwise, Excel interprets the entry as a date. If you z. For example, if you type 7/30, Excel might display July 30th in the cell. If you type 36.12.12, Excel first converts this value to 1.12.1936 and shows 1.12. in the cell.

Note: There is none DIVIDE function in Excel.

Divide numbers using cell references

Instead of typing numbers directly into a formula, you can use cell references like A2 and A3 to refer to the numbers that you want to divide and divide by.

Example:

You may find it easier to understand the example if you copy it onto a blank worksheet.

So copy an example

  1. Create a blank workbook or a blank worksheet.

  2. Highlight the example in the help topic.

    Note: Do not select the row or column headings.

    Highlight an example in the help topic

  3. Press Ctrl + C.

  4. On the worksheet, select cell A1, then press Ctrl + V.

  5. To toggle between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press Ctrl + '(grave accent) or click the Formulas button on the Formulas tab Show.

A.

B.

C.

1

Data

formula

Description (result)

2

15000

= A2 / A3

Divides 15000 by 12 (1250)

3

12

Divide a column of numbers by a constant number

For example, suppose you want to divide each cell in a column of seven numbers by a number contained in another cell. In this example, the number you want to divide by is 3, which is in cell C2.

A.

B.

C.

1

Data

formula

constant

2

15000

= A2 / $ C $ 2

3

3

12

= A3 / $ C $ 2

4

48

= A4 / $ C $ 2

5

729

= A5 / $ C $ 2

6

1534

= A6 / $ C $ 2

7

288

= A7 / $ C $ 2

8

4306

= A8 / $ C $ 2

  1. Give You = A2 / $ C $ 2 in cell B2. Be sure to use a $ symbol before C and before 2 in the formula.

  2. Drag the formula in B2 down onto the other cells in column B.

Note: When you use $ symbols, Excel advises that the reference to C2 is "absolute," which means that when you copy the formula to another cell, the reference is always to cell C2. If you didn't use $ symbols in the formula and dragged the formula down into cell B3, Excel would change the formula to = A3 / C3 which won't work as there is no value in C3.

Do you need more help?

You can always ask an expert in the Excel Tech Community or get support in the Answers Community.

See also

Multiply a column of numbers by the same number

Multiply by a percentage

Create a multiplication table

Calculation operators and order of calculation