What causes small-caliber chairs

What causes red or maroon stools?

Having a red stool can be terrifying, and there is an immediate risk that it could be blood, but there are a few reasons a stool may be red that are not due to blood. If there is a chance that the red seen in a hut could be blood, a doctor should be consulted immediately. However, if the reason for the red stool is not clear, try to remember the foods you recently ate, especially those that are red or orange.

The medical name for visible blood in the stool is hematochezia. The lighter color of the blood indicates that it may come from a source in the lower gastrointestinal tract (such as the colon or colon) rather than the upper gastrointestinal tract (such as the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine). . A doctor should always do blood tests in stool to rule out potentially serious conditions. If you are bleeding profusely and feeling weak, or have other symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, call 911 and get help right away.

When a red stool isn't actually blood

Several different types of foods with natural or man-made colors can cause red stool that looks like blood, but doesn't. Check food labels as a food may not appear red, but it may contain red food coloring. The foods that can cause red stool include:

  • Red gelatin, popsicle, Gatorade or Kool-Aid
  • Tomato juice or soup
  • Large quantities of beets
  • Everything colored with red food coloring (red # 40)

If there is no red food or other colorful food that has recently been eaten and yet has red stools, see a doctor right away to have it examined. This is especially true if there was more than one red stool and not yet red in the food.

Diagnosis of true hematochezia

Red blood in the stool can be caused by a variety of conditions, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, colon polyps, diverticular bleeding, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

The location of the bleeding must be determined before a diagnosis can be made and treatment prescribed. To find out the cause of the bleeding, a medical history is taken, which includes questions about changes in bowel habits (such as constipation or diarrhea) and the location of pain. A doctor may order an occult blood test (FOBT) to make sure there is blood in the stool. An FOBT is a simple test for a patient - it just requires that a stool sample be collected at home and given to the doctor's office or laboratory.

A doctor may order other diagnostic tests to determine the cause and exact location of the bleeding. This could include x-rays, blood tests, colonoscopy, gastroscopy, stool culture, and barium studies. A doctor can also do a quick rectal exam, which involves inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the anus (it is quick to pass and shouldn't hurt).

Causes of Hematochezia

Hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are a common cause of bright red blood in the stool or on toilet paper.

A hemorrhoid is actually a form of varicose vein. The veins in and around the rectum and anus become swollen. Symptoms of hemorrhoids include anal itching, bleeding during bowel movements, pain, bulging during bowel movements, and tender lumps around the anus.

To diagnose hemorrhoids, a doctor needs to examine the anus and rectum, and possibly do a rectal exam. This may be embarrassing for a minute, but doctors are used to giving these types of tests.

Anal fissures. A fissure is a tear or ulcer in the lining of the anal canal. The anal canal is the last part of the rectum before the anus.

Fissures can appear in anyone, but are more common in middle-aged or young adults. A fissure can be difficult to heal because it causes the anal sphincter to spasm and worsen.

Symptoms of a fissure include an anal lump, bright red blood in the toilet bowl or on the toilet paper, painful bowel movements, and puffy skin markings. A fissure is typically diagnosed with a visual or rectal exam. Fissures can be caused by constipation or hard bowel movements through the anus, during childbirth, or ulceration from hemorrhoids.

Diverticular hemorrhage. A diverticulum is a small pouch in the large intestine that oozes out of a weakened area in the intestinal wall. The condition of having diverticula in the colon is called diverticulosis and affects about 10 percent percent of Americans over the age of 40. Although not common, diverticula can cause bleeding that makes the stool or toilet appear. This bleeding may not require treatment unless it is continuous or severe.

inflammatory bowel disease.Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are incurable chronic diseases of the intestinal tract, which are commonly referred to as IBD. Intervals of active disease or "flares" and periods of remission characterize IBD. IBD can cause bleeding in the digestive tract, which occurs in the stool or toilet. Several diagnostic tests are usually completed and examined by a digestive specialist before diagnosing IBD.

Intestinal polyps. A less common cause of blood in the stool is a colon polyp. A polyp is a growth on the wall of the large intestine or rectum. Some colon cancers can develop from these polyps. Detecting and removing polyps early through a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy can help prevent colon cancer. By the time a double polyp is causing visible bleeding, cancer is often already present.

A word from Verywell

Blood in stool is never normal, but neither is it always an emergency or a sign of cancer. It is important that you see a doctor as soon as possible in order to be able to assess him. If you experience severe pain, bleeding, or vomiting with the blood, contact a doctor immediately. A doctor can help put the bleeding into perspective and determine if more testing is needed.