What does factory feed mean
What to feed a Bengal kitten and an adult cat
Proper feeding of the Bengali breed pet is necessary because the animal has a delicate digestive tract that is prone to disruption. In view of this property, you should comply with the requirements related to natural food and feed. The appetite and normal digestion of food in Bengal are also affected by the maintenance that ensures perfect cleanliness.
In nature, cats of this breed are predators that feed on small animals and birds. They completely eat them and receive all the necessary substances and vitamins. It is not difficult to guess that human food is poorly digested by them.
If a mini leopard shows up in the house, then you need to seriously consider what type of diet to choose and how often to give food:
- To feed the recently born Bengal kitten, porridge, diluted to a limb state, is often needed first, and just 1.5 months later you can start adding more solid food ingredients.
- After 3 months, it is necessary to change the baby's menu, gradually reducing the number of liquid meals and increasing the portions of meat.
- When the kitten is 4 to 6 months old, it will be able to receive small pieces rather than shredded meat because the jaws are already shaped by this time.
- An adult Bengal cat and cat are fed once or twice a day. Most of their feed (70%) consists of meat. You can also treat your pet to fish twice a week. You should give egg yolks once in 7 days.
A neutered cat as well as a neutered cat must have a balanced diet, whereby the calorie content is strictly calculated and limited. Such animals gain weight quickly due to nutritional deficiencies, and excess fat in the body leads to metabolic disorders.
Its future health will depend on how well the kitten eats from the first few days, but it should receive breast milk for up to 3-4 weeks. In a month, a small leopard can already be prepared with complementary feed - this is the feed of liquid consistency that its tiny stomach can absorb. Usually it's semi-puree. If the kitten is a newborn, its food can be a suspended substitute for cat milk for up to a month. At this point, dairy products cause diarrhea in kittens and can lead to their death.
In the future, the menu will be systematically changed.
- 1.5-2 months Kittens are given pasty muesli with the addition of boiled meat. Kefir, cottage cheese and yogurt are allowed. If the choice fell on the ready-made feed, then you can choose a pate.
- 3 months Pets increase the amount of meat by up to 30% and reduce dairy products. The pieces of meat are cut larger and cooked vegetables are added.
- 4 months old Bengalu relies on about 60% of the meat, he has to eat cereal and vegetables every day, mixed and raw, but in small amounts. If cooked porridge, then make it more dense.
If the owner wishes to feed the pet with branded food in the future, after 3 months he can gently start adding dry granules and combining them with meat. Dairy products are needed up to 4 months of age.In order for the baby to have a useful intestinal flora - this is what the kitten's immunity depends on.
It is important to know how often a pet is fed every day so that it receives the necessary substances and does not feel hungry:
- in 2-3 weeks - up to 10 feedings per day;
- in 1 month - about 8 times;
- 2 month crumbs require up to 7 meals;
- 3 months - 6 times a day;
- from 4 to 5 months - 5 times.
It is necessary to reduce the frequency of feeding so that after 9 months the baby ate about 4 times a day, and by the year the number of doses should be increased to 2 times.
For the Bengali activity and well-being, the ration should contain the following main ingredients.
- Fresh, Quality meat: beef, chicken, rabbit, turkey. Before that, it is put in the freezer for 2 days. Before moving in, the films and strips are not removed - the predator will cope with them perfectly.
- Occasionally by-products are allowed: Beef liver, heart, scar, lungs, liver, entrails, necks and joints of chickens.
- fish allowed no more than 3 times a week, preferably sea without small bones. Cats do not want to give it often because of the development of urolithiasis.
Animals need vitamins, so 15% of their daily diet consists of cooked and fresh vegetables - beets, cabbage, carrots, pumpkin, 5% - oatmeal and buckwheat. Well, if the pet sometimes uses cottage cheese and milk.
Products not approved for animals:
- fatty meat - pork, lamb, duck, goose;
- Fish with small bones (river);
- Bird bones;
- smoked and salted foods;
- all spicy, sweet dishes;
Peas, lentils and other legumes cannot be given as they can cause increased gas formation in the intestines. Also, due to the presence of starch, potatoes are not allowed, which increases the risk of indigestion. The animal can drink milk, water and meat broths.
The main nutritional requirement for a sterilized pet is to keep them from overeating.
Such animals need less food because their main hobby, due to the lack of interest in the opposite sex, is food.
The only thing that cannot be done is to reduce the frequency of feeding. Obesity often leads to diseases of the blood vessels, heart and disturbances in the normal course of metabolic processes. You can avoid this by spending time with animals on a daily basis. However, if the Bengali has already managed to gain weight, he must be switched to a low-calorie diet.
After sterilization, the owner must immediately determine whether his animal is using factory feed or homemade feed - you cannot mix these two types of feed. It is better to buy industrial dry food in the form of pellets or canned food from reliable manufacturers. It is desirable to avoid a high content of phosphorus and magnesium in them, since these components can lead to the formation of stones.
Homemade food, preferred for sterilized pets, consists of beef, poultry, offal, cereal with milk, dairy products and vegetables. It is undesirable to give fish and raw liver to animals. Products for the chosen pet in terms of calories and the lack of magnesium and phosphorus. A pet should always have an adequate amount of clean water regardless of what it is eating.
Pregnant and breastfeeding
Due to the fact that Bengalis are large animals and their average weight is 7-8 kg, large fruits are formed in cats, and as a result, pregnancy can become complicated. For this reason, a well-composed menu and a balanced diet are important for mother cats, both during the kittens and in the postpartum period.
In the first 30 days after conception, the pet's appetite decreases and their taste preferences change. The cat either eats little or is moody and only uses what it likes. This is a natural phenomenon and you should treat the mother's condition with understanding.
If there are no deviations in behavior and wellbeing that are important to their health, then you can have them eat to your liking.
But as early as the second month, the situation can change in the direction of increased appetite, which is great, but closer to birth, the amount of food should be gradually reduced, as the birth can be difficult due to the size of the kittens and the excessive body mass of the mother. The nutrition of the animal during pregnancy can be a special ready-made food for Bengal cats or natural food, which is represented by the following products:
- cooked meat;
- oily fish;
- fermented milk products;
- Vegetables as a source of vitamins.
In the first month, the cat needs calcium especially, and in the second half of pregnancy it is better to feed it with protein foods.
Nothing is withheld from a nursing cat, but above all the cat's body needs plenty of fluids, so you can give your pet warm milk, cream and broths - preferably beef to which you can add pieces of meat. Also important So mom drank a little bit of sour cream and cottage cheese on a regular basis.
What comes from natural foods?
If the owner brings the Bengali breed into the house and feeds them natural products, then he needs to know whether and in what form ordinary food is acceptable for him.
- Some believe that the natural predator should only eat raw meat, but in fact, beef, rabbit, poultry can be boiled, stewed, in the form of pieces or minced meat. Raw pieces must be scalded before serving.
- Offal from the liver, lungs, or chicken intestines are given every 7 days to diversify the diet.
- From fish for the cat table, sage, pollock, tuna are suitable. At the age of one year it is permitted to give herring or salmon occasionally (once a week).
- For the pet's body, oatmeal is considered useful, as is rice and buckwheat, but it should be cooked in lean beef broth. Then add minced meat or fish and minced greens to the plate.
- Porridge and cooked vegetables can be seasoned with vegetable oil - flax, sunflower, olive - these are sources of tocopherol.
- Small kittens and adult pets like to eat sprouted wheat grains, oats, and cat grass. At home these plants are easy to grow, so useful for the pet. They help get rid of bits of wool in the digestive tract and saturate the body with vitamins.
It is imperative to have vegetables and vegetable greens in the diet of Bengal, with the exception of cabbage, which causes flatulence.
Sour dairy products, especially curd cheese, ryazhenka and kefir, are also desirable. You can also give milk, but only if it does not cause vomiting or diarrhea.
How do I choose a branded feed?
The advantages of ready-made feed are the content of useful substances, long-term storage, large assortment and time savings in cooking. You can include them in the diet after just 3 months. The most important thing is to do this gradually.
When choosing such products, you should consider the following factors:
- Age of the animal;
- his weight and lifestyle;
- the presence of a sensitive digestive system (allergies to certain components);
- Sterilization, in which the pet relies on special dishes;
- Diseases that require diet.
To make sure that the cat is healthy, it is advisable to buy it Premium food, super premium, holistic. But you also need to pay attention to the composition, fitness and, of course, the preferences of a pet. Top Brands - Royal Canin, Eukanuba, Orijen, Canidae and Eagle Pack Holistic Select.
The principle of the combined feed is that the animal essentially feeds on high-quality dry feed, which contains a balanced composition. At the same time, a pet is allowed to be fed normal natural food - fresh meat, cereals, fish.
However, such a ration is not suitable for Bengal kittens and can only be used for adults. After 4 months, the kitten will start feeding suitable dry food, but make sure to soak milk, broth or water until the baby teeth change.
In general, veterinarians do not welcome this approach, they explain it by the fact that natural foods and dry foods differ in structure, which leads to poor digestion and dysbiosis.
Natural food for Bengal may only be combined with high-quality canned food, and only if the animal is converted to factory feed.
In the next video, you will learn about the recipe for Bengal kitten food, which can be made from ground beef, carrots and cauliflower.
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