How to Plant Redlove Apple Tree
Experienced gardeners individually determine when and how an apple tree should be grafted. The procedure can be carried out all year round, with spring being the most favorable period. There are many opportunities. Every gardener prefers the simplest grafting, which leads to a high percentage of cuttings. To find the most suitable route for you, you need to try them all. An inexperienced gardener can easily graft an apple tree in a crack in the spring, and this is where the practice should begin.
Ideal for the vaccination period
If you want to instill an apple tree in the crevice, it will be year round. However, only experienced gardeners can boast of such skills. Every season influences the biological processes taking place in plants and trees that determine the transplantation of the prunings.
Vaccination in the spring is considered to be the best choice. The season is marked by the awakening of nature. Trees begin to move sap, which has a positive effect on the rate of refinement. It is better to inoculate cuttings in the split apple tree from March to April when the heat sets in.
A later period from late April to mid-May is more limited to buds. The process also implies vaccination, only a kidney is used instead of an incision. The advantage of spring vaccinations is not just in the best transplant. With a bad result, the action can be repeated later without having to wait for the next season.
Two summer months, July and August, are just as important for apple trees as the spring time. At this point, a second cycle of sap movement begins in fruit trees. However, grafting the apple in the crevice in the summer is unlikely because the cuttings are already large leaves. The best way is considered a budding sleeping kidney.Tip! In the southern regions, inoculation can take place until mid-September.
The beginning of autumn is not the best time to graft apples. In early September, only eye buds are used in warm weather. From September to October, experienced gardeners receive an apple tree that has been split into young rhizomes. The grafting of an adult tree does not take root. In addition to graft cleavage, use the bark or butt method.Tip! If the autumn season is chosen for the grafting of the apple tree, then the procedure should be carried out taking into account the average daily air temperature. The thermometer should not fall below + 15 ° C.
Apple trees can be planted in winter too, but they do it indoors. The procedure lasts from January to the end of March. Apple seedlings that are to be planted outdoors within a maximum of 20 days must be grafted.
Danger! For grafting in winter, apple slices are harvested with a cold push button. The temperature can drop to –8 ° C, but the earth shouldn't freeze yet.
Apple slices and rhizomes are stored in the cellar, shed or cellar at a temperature of approx. 0 ° C. In a warm room, the seedlings are brought within 14 days and the cuttings 3 days before inoculation.
The positive and negative aspects of the method in the breakdown
Why, how many gardeners graft apple trees into the gap, one understands when one knows the advantages of the method:
- Almost 100% result. The stalk inserted into the crevice takes root faster than the other method of grafting. Only the eye buds compete for reliability, but the process is a little more complicated.
- An easy way to graft is the power to defeat an inexperienced gardener.
- Time for inoculation in the split takes little. This is important when the work is in a garden with a lot of material.
- If the bark of the rhizome is damaged, the only solution is to plant the apple tree in the crevice.
- The stand can be either a full-grown wilderness or a fertile apple tree.
The disadvantage of grafting apple trees in the crevice is the formation of wood growth at the junction of the graft with the stand. Over time, the cut begins to develop, grow, and the thickening becomes almost imperceptible.
Preparation of materials and tools
In order to be able to carry out the vaccination, a strain and a transplant must be prepared. The cuttings are selected from the varieties of apple trees that I want to grow in my garden. The stand can form a young sapling or an adult tree. And not only a cultivated apple tree or a wild animal, but also a pear, mountain ash, hawthorn and quince will do. The best stock is pear.
For tools, you will need a sharp knife, saw, and scissors. To process the cut with garden pitch, the vaccine itself is wrapped with electrical tape.
The quality of the vaccination depends on the speed of work. Slices shouldn't dry out. The tool is only used when sharpened. A dull knife or scissors will remember wood, ruin the bark, and one cannot imagine the cutting being grafted in.
The order of work
It is convenient to graft apple trees if the graft and broth are not thick. It is best to work with a year or two year material. Splitting thick branches is more difficult as it takes longer to adjust the cutting points. The procedure consists of the basic steps: dividing the stock, preparing the shoot, combining and isolating the spliced area.
Grafting an apple begins with the selection of the rhizome. In the case of a tail or other suitable seedling, dirt is removed from the trunk, after which the cut is made with sharp scissors. A 15 cm high stump remains above the floor. Instead of secateurs, use a sharp garden saw to cut a thick handle. If the graft is planted on an adult tree, a branch will be felled. The broth should be uniform, clean with a healthy rind without defects and thickening. For grafting, a cut of sawdust is made with a slope, and the graft is placed on top of the cut.
The complexity of the division depends on the thickness of the material. Thin branches can easily be cut in the middle with a sharp knife. The depth of the split is about four diameters of the seedling.
Splitting a thick twig or hemp is done by a different technology. On the bark of the rhizome, instead of the alleged crevice, the bark is cut with a sharp knife. This should be done on both sides of the seedling diameter of the trunk. The cuts prevent rough breaking of the cortex, which splits even edges. Set the sharp blade of the knife in the middle of the rhizome. It should coincide with the cut lines of the cortex. Strong pressure hands split wood in two. When the knife plunges into the gap depth of up to 7 cm, a temporary wedge is inserted between the two halves.
Preparing and splicing a sprout with broth
Apple slices are prepared so long that three to five buds remain above the cut. The excess tip is cut off with sharp scissors. The underside of the apple tree knife cut in the shape of a wedge. The length of the pointed part corresponds to the four diameters of the graft.
Danger! The intersection points must not be touched with objects or hands. The blade of the knife before vaccination it is desirable to wipe with alcohol. Precautions are needed to prevent infection from being vaccinated.
When splicing young thin branches, the pointed wedge of the cut is inserted into the crevice until the cambium collapses. For better splicing of the cut, leave a cut strip of bark from the graft above the split.
Two thin stems of an apple tree are inserted into a thick stump or branch cut. The graft is on either side of the crevice. With this vaccination it is important to take into account the different thicknesses of the bark. When splicing, do not try to combine it. It is more important to pay attention to the meeting of the cambium.
After combining the shoot with the stand, the vaccination site must be protected immediately.
There is a small gap at the junction of the cut with the material. The whole area for a better healing garden place. Gardeners prepare it themselves, but can buy it in the store. Split firmly with tape so the cuttings are not loose. In addition, the entire vaccination site is covered with a plastic bag. The film does not allow any sections to dry. A humid microclimate is constantly maintained at the vaccination site. An apple tree is grafted on a hot, sunny day.
Sometimes gardeners wrap the cutting themselves with a special tape. The method isn't bad, but you need to be careful with the kidneys so as not to break them. After planting, remove insulation, which is indicated by flowering leaves.
In the video, apple trees are grafted in the spring in a split according to all the rules:
Vaccination is an interesting thing. If a bad variety of fruit tree grows in the yard, then cuttings can always be planted on it and in the future eat delicious apples. And in order to look for a sprout, it is enough to search the neighbors and ask them to cut off annual branches.
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