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Minimum wage 2021: gross and net amount


The statutory minimum wage in Germany is from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 9.60 euros gross per hour. As of July 1, 2021, the minimum wage will be on 9.82 euros gross per hour elevated.

The minimum wage of 9.82 euros gross per hour applies from July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2022. From July 1, 2022, a minimum wage of 10.45 euros gross per hour.

The Federal Cabinet decided on the minimum wage levels and periods on October 28, 2020.

How much has the minimum wage increased in 2021?

The statutory minimum wage in 2020 was 9.35 euros gross per hour. The new minimum wage of EUR 9.60 gross per hour, which will apply in the first half of 2021, represents an increase of EUR 0.25 gross per hour or 2.67 percent.

The increase in the minimum wage (for the second half of 2021) from 9.60 to 9.82 euros gross per hour represents an increase of 0.22 euros gross per hour or 2.29 percent.

If the minimum wage increases from 9.82 to 10.45 euros gross per hour (from July 1, 2022), the minimum wage per hour increases by 0.63 euros or 6.42 percent.

Minimum wage per month - gross and net

The gross minimum wage in Germany is between January 1 and June 30, 2021 1,664 euros gross with a minimum wage of EUR 9.60 gross per hour. (For comparison, the gross minimum wage in 2020 was 1,621 euros gross. This increases the minimum wage by 43 euros gross per month.)

The gross minimum wage in Germany is between July 1, 2021 and June 30, 2022 1,702 euros gross with a minimum wage of 9.82 euros gross per hour. (This increases the monthly minimum wage by 38 euros gross compared to the previous period.)

The gross minimum wage in Germany will be from July 1, 2022 1,811 euros gross with a minimum wage of EUR 10.45 gross per hour. (This increases the monthly minimum wage by 109 euros gross compared to the previous period.)

Attention: The minimum wage listed here does not include one-off payments, special payments, bonuses, surcharges and payments for overtime or extra shifts.

How is the gross minimum wage per month calculated?

The gross minimum wage per month is calculated using an average of 173.33 hours worked per month. This average value was determined because not all months have the same number of working days and the number of monthly working days varies. (Holidays and vacations are taken into account here.)

Minimum wage: what is the net?

Taxes, insurance and duties are deducted from the gross minimum wage. (E.g .: health insurance, long-term care insurance, pension insurance, unemployment insurance, income tax, possibly church tax)

The fees are highly individual. They differ from state to state. They differ according to the current life situation. Whether someone has children and / or is married plays a role here. Because certain living conditions offer certain allowances. Therefore, a uniform net minimum wage can be explicitly stated.

But a net minimum wage range can be defined. With a minimum hourly wage of 9.60, this amounts to around 1,140 to 1,340 euros net. With a minimum gross hourly wage of EUR 9.82, the net monthly wage can be around 1,160 to 1,360. With a minimum hourly wage of EUR 10.45 (gross), the net minimum wage per month can be EUR 1,210 to EUR 1,410. (These payments are only estimates. If you want to know exactly what your net is, have a look at your pay slip!)

Who does the statutory minimum wage not apply to?

The statutory minimum wage does NOT apply to the following groups of people:

  • Young people under 18 years of age without completed training
  • Apprentices - no matter how old
  • Long-term unemployed - the minimum wage does not apply in the first six months of a new job
  • Participant in a job promotion measure
  • Interns doing a compulsory internship
  • Interns whose internship is shorter than three months
  • People who do voluntary service
  • Young people taking part in an entry-level qualification or preparation for vocational training
  • Volunteers
  • People with disabilities in an employee-like relationship

Development: minimum wage in Germany

  • 2015: 8.50 euros per hour gross - 1473 euros per month gross
  • 2016: 8.50 euros per hour gross - 1473 euros per month gross
  • 2017: 8.84 euros per hour gross - 1532 euros per month gross
  • 2018: 8.84 euros per hour gross - 1532 euros per month gross
  • 2019: 9.19 euros per hour gross - 1593 euros per month gross
  • 2020: 9.35 euros per hour gross - 1621 euros per month gross
  • 2021 1st half: 9.60 euros per hour gross - 1664 euros per month gross
  • 2021 2nd half: 9.82 euros per hour gross - 1702 euros per month gross
  • 2022 1st half: 9.82 euros per hour gross - 1702 euros per month gross
  • 2022 2nd half: 10.45 euros per hour gross - 1811 euros per month gross

By the way: The average hourly wage in Germany is 19.76 euros per hour gross.

Who decides on the minimum wage?

In Germany, the minimum wage commission makes a recommendation to the federal government to adjust the statutory minimum wage. The Federal Government can follow this recommendation, but does not have to. (So ​​far, the federal government has followed this recommendation.)

The German labor minister Hubertus Heil (SPD) followed the recommendation of the minimum wage commission for minimum wage levels in 2021 and 2022.

The minimum wage commission has three employer representatives, three trade unionists, a chairman (or a chairwoman) and two scientific advisors without voting rights.

The minimum wage commission orients its recommendations on wage developments in Germany, the development of collectively agreed wages and the collective bargaining index.

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