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Ulrich F. Sackstedt - Browns Gas-2010-TRUTH
The inexhaustible source of energy
Ulrich F. Sackstedt
Original edition 2010 2010 at JKFischer Versandbuchhandlung + Verlag and Verlagsaus Lieferungsgesellschaft mbH JKFischer Versandbuchhandlung + Verlag und Verlagsaus Lieferungsgesellschaft mbH Herzbergstr. 5-7 D-63571 Gelnhausen-Roth Tel .: 0 60 51/47 47 40 Fax: 0 60 51/47 47 41 www.jk-fischer-verlag.de Printed in EU Editing, typesetting / make-up, image processing, cover design & print mediation: SAMO s.ro. [email protected]
Introduction ................................................. .................................................. ........ 7 Preliminary remark - World power Erdl ..................................... ............................... 11 Chapter 1 Brown's Gas - An Inexhaustible Source of Energy .......... ......................... 18 Chapter 2 The Historical Development from Hydrogen Combustion to Browns Gas ........... .................................................. .............................................. 37 Chapter 3 The most famous researchers of the energy from water splitting .................. 40 Chapter 4 Other researchers with US patents ................. .......................................... 63 Chapter 5 Researchers with Patents in Others Countries ............................................... 87 Chapter 6 BEST Korea company ............................................. ................................ 95 Chapter 7 Designers of so-called water cars ............ ........................ ........... 104 Chapter 8 The water researcher Viktor Schauberger ................................ ................ 149 Chapter 9 Decontamination with Browns Gas ........................... ............................. 156 Chapter 10 Welding, Heating and Heating with Brown's Gas .......... ........................ 164
Chapter 11 Gasoline Savers Using Oxyhydrogen Gas / Browns Gas .................................. 171 Chapter 12 Technicians and Engineers Working on Brown's Gas ............................... 191 Chapter 13 Paul Pantone and the GEET Engine ... .................................................. ......... 202 Chapter 14 Brown's Gas Instead of Fuel Cell and Catalyst ................................ 213 Chapter 15 The Confusion with Renewable Energies ................................ 224 Chapter 16 Other possible uses of Browns Gas ............................ 235 Keyword ................... .................................................. ............................... 240 Sources and further information .............. ..................................... 243 about the author ......... .................................................. ................................... 246
Brown's Gas initially sounds like a product from the retorts and Erlenmayr flasks of an alchemist's laboratory. Sometimes one also reads the spelling brown gas "and immediately associates that this gas must have a brown color. Or could it perhaps mean the discoverer of this gas, a Mr. Braun or Brown? That brings us very close to the matter, because it is a matter of fact He was actually a Mr. Brown, more precisely Mr. Yull Brown, that's what he called himself after he settled in Australia. He was born in Bulgaria in 1922, other sources speak of Hungary, and went to Turkey after being captured by Russia and from there to Australia, where he first developed the theoretical concept and then the first functional Browns gas equipment in a suburb of Sydney. But as so often in the history of inventions, there was another argument, because a certain Mr. Rhodes from the USA spoke up, who many years later stated that he had discovered the gas in question and worked with it long before Brown, but the name stuck and so became Browns Gas just not Rhodes gas. But before we go into further details, we want to emphasize only one thing at this point, namely the surprising and versatile properties of this gas against the background of conventional scientific thinking. Details are given below. And we would like to add something else here. Since the major gentlemen in the science train ride usually only develop a very leisurely pace when it comes to coupling new knowledge wagons
it is not surprising, since in their white lab coats they are apparently still shaking their heads in disbelief rather than seriously experimenting with this gaseous matter. Because there is still something mysterious about this gas, and of course there is no place for such a thing in exact science it's not that easy ...! And you smile confidently about medieval alchemy, even if it already knew the idea of transmutation (making gold from other elements) and you can use the four elements of fire-water-air- Earth "was by no means so wrong. Fire: That is combustion, chemically so oxidation, so the energy and heat generation par excellence and still used today (power plants, car engines, ...) Water: There we are already with hydrogen (Greek hydrogenium = the water generator) Air: There are we with oxygen (contained in the air as well as in water) earth: there we are with silicon (extracted from sand), but also with all soil protectors. Since these four elements "represent the basis of our entire material existence, no one will doubt it. The reactions of the sometimes still smocked scientists will be something like this when you come to them with Brown's gas: Brown's gas? Oh, do you mean oxyhydrogen? Or how." , or what new things have you discovered, young friend? Is that another crazy idea from the esoteric circles? You don't want to turn the laws of physics upside down, do you? " Quite apart from that, Einstein is also said to have established in his later train of thought that his theory of relativity could not yet be the ultimate conclusion. The egg
to close a gap. Einstein was great enough to admit the imperfection of his thoughts. Unfortunately, many lesser scientists do not have this ability. And then our physics specialists repeatedly churn out the first law of thermodynamics, to which everything has to be subordinated, like a prayer wheel. Anything else is a violation of the law, "and therefore forbidden. - Scientific absolutism. We know that. But of course we don't let that fool us. We like to question what one has to question, because this is the only way to make progress, not how to continue On the contrary, now more than ever ... we thought. We want to discover new things, don't we? We don't look for that in the temples of the initiated, but in the circles of forester, painters, tinkerers and hobby technicians , the failed existences and the co-naturalists, the dropouts, the idealists and weirdos. It is from these circles that the typical inventors and discoverers come. The inventor comes from finding ". They searched and they found something in which they practically worked, crafted, built, experimented, calculated and discarded and started all over again. Trial and error was the method. They didn't have building instructions. And when something unexpected, something inexplicable came out of it, they were usually laughed at or even poisoned, even threatened. But they continued. Yull Brown was one of them. When we began to look for what the inventors had been looking for and found and researched the global network, it was as if an avalanche suddenly moved down into the valley, an avalanche of partly contradicting, partly complementary or even completely congruent information and opinions , Assertions and also test results. Sometimes the same or very similar discoveries are made in very different places on earth. Perhaps because this is with the morphogenetic fields "of the researcher Rupert Sheldrake
related. It may be because these inventors tapped into a universal store of thoughts, a kind of natural computer hard drive that possibly surrounds the earth like a virtual field. In any case, we thought that this information had to be arranged somehow and put into a logical context, but in such a way that the technical layperson would understand it. And if this big task didn't work out for us, then at least we would have made a start and pushed the door open. It is not only to close a knowledge gap, but also to try to awaken Brownian gas from its wallflower existence, especially here in Europe, and to finally help it to achieve the acceptance and economic success it deserves come to this book. As will be shown below, Brown's Gas has so much to offer the power industry, the automotive industry, industrial processing, nuclear waste disposal, and more that it would be a grave sin to ignore it. With the foreseeable finiteness of previous fossil resources and the risks of previous energy technology as well as the inadequacies of the renewable energies used so far, Brown's Gas represents an ideal opportunity to break new ground when it comes to life on our planet earth at the age of ten Billions or more people to preserve bearable conditions and to lead them into a new energy age. And since Brown's gas burns from its own oxygen reserves and no carbon dioxide is produced as an end product or by-product, it is almost obvious that it is centuries ahead of conventional fuels. How is it actually possible, since this miracle material has remained almost unknown to this day, one wonders ...? With this in mind, I hope you enjoy reading this. Ulrich F. Sackstedt, in autumn 2009
World power Erdl
The wiser gives in. A sad truth. It establishes the rule of stupidity. (Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, 1830-1916) World power Erdl. But you could also say: World makes petroleum ... or: The world likes petroleum ... - Does it really like it? Undoubtedly, with the provision of oil for the blessing of mankind, "a gigantic power potential arose in the 20th century. At first it seemed as if oil was a blessing for mankind when the first sources were tapped, and brown gold, as one." It called it, saw it gush. But then it led us on a fateful path. We established an intimate connection with the market players and moneylenders, the banks. Investments were made like crazy, and the prices of the oil companies shot into them on the stock exchanges Height. This wrong path is probably related to the saying make the earth subject to yourselves ". A piece of misunderstood Christianity, which once spread itself with criminal methods. And in view of the expected profits, the warning of some backward "natives that the white man shouldn't injure Mother Earth by drilling into her or digging deep holes (mines) into it, sounded a bit ridiculous, even if she wasn't, of course The spread of crude oil is probably also a direct result of the original enthusiasm for fire, burning, warmth
Imitating solar energy, so to speak, which later led to a rush of speed and feasibility among technically developed mankind, who were enthusiastic about roaring engines and racing cars, planes and rockets. From today's point of view, the blessing for humanity "must appear rather questionable, because both the ecological effects of the exhaust gases caused by oil and the enormous profits of the industries that live from the oil, the private as well as state-dependent or at least subsidized research institutes and the resulting factories All sorts of product ranges are potential that the mental attitude of a Sisyphus needs to face to face, not to mention the political confusion and confusion, the threats, the wars and invasions, interventions, military incidents, or how else one disguises these activities, and they do began more than 100 years ago when certain countries wanted to secure their influence on the oil sources of other countries. And these machinations of governments in favor of the corporations that support them, called politics ", continue to this day. The heads of state systems known as governments were and are in turn governed by the interests of powerful corporations and financial manipulators who are above them. These are not conspiracy theories, rather all the information we have at our disposal suggests that it is indeed conspiratorial interest groups who are tinkering with world history. There are no more than about 300 families who still determine this world network of power and money and thus the fate of this earth. Countries that did not want to or do not want to subordinate themselves to this international, technocratic striving for domination
Immediately stamped as rogue states by imperial masterminds, and so-called military incidents (= wars) are demanded and also waged to protect the oil-consuming states, in which innocent soldiers sacrifice their lives for questionable goals and material interests. Conversely, some oil-producing countries also label their challengers and envious people as villains, unbelievers or otherwise and call for holy wars "and the worldwide spread of a religious dogma, knowing full well that a war in the world has never been holy, but only Has brought suffering and calamity. Holy comes from salvation, "and that is the exact opposite. And then religious models in all parts of the world have to serve, because the masses believe in this (I) politics ", so to speak as an emotional protection of the respective good" against the evil. "Evil is the one who is not on his own, but rather on the other hand is involved in this dubious game, it is, the world-wide Monopoly game about the oil and the influence.
Brown's gas as a way out
If we just follow the forces of the Greek god Atlas ", who carries the world on his shoulders, optimistically for no reason, then we could tackle the matter. What are we still talking about petroleum about? Right. Petroleum, which serves the entire range of combustion engines Our entire civilization, from submarines to ships, cars, planes to rockets and also large parts of power generation, heating and air conditioning, has a firm grip on our entire civilization - and because it and its derivatives are becoming increasingly scarce, and thus We should all have long since looked into an alternative. Now think about nuclear power plants and wind turbines. But these are not alternatives, because the first problem is unsolved
the centuries-long waste storage, the endangerment against military attacks and the imperceptibly produced radiation and the latter - among other disadvantages - as weather-dependent and unsafe energy can never cover the base load demand for electricity. This could be described as organic fig leaves, which are nevertheless subsidized with very large sums of money. Or just because of that? More on this in Chapter 15. Quite apart from the huge waste rates that all our power plants - actually they should be called heat plants - bring with them, which with the waste heat "heat up the rivers and the air and as nuclear power plants also distribute radioactive isotopes the motto That doesn't matter, nobody sees "... Nuclear power plants have already been built several times on so-called fault lines between tectonic plates and are therefore right at the top of the risk scale for a GAU (largest accident to be assumed). That is just incidental to the Pandora's fission of the atom. It would be better if we had never split it. Conventional combustion power plants burn crude oil, coal or natural gas, produce the same vast amounts of losses in the form of waste heat and blow them into the air. If you are a believer in the CO2 heating philosophy, you can agree with us here. Since the beginning of industrialization, we have been on the wrong track in terms of energy policy, regardless of the political systems that promoted and used the respective forms of energy. Nuclear power plants built outside of Germany are only in some respects less secure than German ones, although the opposite is claimed. So let's not continue to split the atomic nuclei and thus the nations into supporters and opponents, but instead split something more meaningful, namely water.
Today, water is generally regarded only as a means of transporting matter, which moves in nature, rain, streams and rivers, as well as in plants as a sap stream and in animals, including ourselves, as a blood stream. This paradigm is one-sided, because water is much more than that. Water has been degraded to a mechanical partial function. Water has energy, because water is "coagulated" energy. If you burn coal, oil, natural gas, wood or other hydrocarbon compounds, these are destroyed after combustion. In addition to the energy obtained, ash and gases remain, which pollute or even poison the environment. This is how it has been done up to now, and this is how it is still done. Let's go back a little way into the past of our planet. In the beginning the earth was d and empty, and God created the water. " This is what the Bible tells the Christians in the history of creation. In those early days only hydrogen was present, because this element is, in a sense, the primary substance for everything and omnipresent in the vast universe. Then, as the hot gas core of the young planet slowly cooled down, there were - as one assumes from today's geophysical point of view - huge electrical discharges: opposing tension between different material potentials - probably due to the high temperature differences between the hot primordial planet and the almost -273 cold space equalized each other in the form of lightning, and new elements formed on earth, including among others also found oxygen. Then, when both substances came together, hydrogen and oxygen, life-giving water was finally formed. And the fiery primal energy of creation that flowed into this new connection was now stored as an atom-binding force in the interior of every water molecule. So remained in everyone
In a sense, water molecules retain the information about their formation forever.We imitate the same process, namely the oxidation of hydrogen, when we recover the energy from an already existing hydrogen and oxygen mixture - Brown's gas - during its combustion (oxidation). By splitting water into Brown's gas beforehand, “the gas mixture of hydrogen and oxygen now implosively slips back into its old form after it has willingly given up its energy. It's that simple nothing is lost, because water becomes water again. That is the unique thing about this material "water", because we use it, we extract energy from it, and yet nothing of this material is lost. During the splitting and subsequent assembly process, we only extracted the energy that connected the atoms in the molecule. Water burns "as it was once formulated. It does not burn itself, but after it has been split the gas it creates burns, Brown's gas. In contrast to conventional energy technologies, Brown's gas does not produce any residues, not even CO2! State subsidies, right? - Far from it. The energy politicians are in a permanent sleep, one has the impression. However, it was a long way from the discovery of brown gas about 40 years ago to its utilization, and that in the small backyard laboratory The idea originated by Yull Brown, the subsequent technical exploitation and further development at BEST Korea and elsewhere were only a second step. In the following, we will speak of Brown's Gas. Brown's Gas, which, as will be explained below, becomes a real full-fledged gas Could be an alternative to petroleum if ... yes, if there weren't some huge obstacles. But we've already heard about them.
If we give Brown's gas a chance, it will do what it says on the tin. Brown's gas is a new, but already very old substance of chemistry and all of physical science and has therefore stayed somewhere on the shelves because petroleum simply promised much better and faster profits. Water as a raw material for Brown's gas would be available everywhere, but crude oil is sold to each and every one of us after it has been cracked (split in the distillation column) through pipes and gas station networks with profits worth billions of dollars. - Lucrative, isn't it? But there could be another way The third still missing and real step forward would now be the worldwide recognition of this technology and thus the sustainable pushing back of petroleum products for energy generation in favor of the everywhere available water. If we help Browns Gas, then we will help each other, including those who suffer from a so-called CO2 Problem. Our Browns Gas book would like to contribute to this.
Brown's gas is an inexhaustible source of energy
Current technology is either a tragic error or a deliberate crime, because it uses those destructive forces to drive machines, motors, etc., which nature uses to break down everything that is incapable of development. "(Viktor Schauberger, 1885-1958)
By this, Schauberger was very accurately referring to the explosion technology that has been widespread worldwide until now. The dream of an inexhaustible source of energy is as old as the current technical civilization. One only needs to think of the term perpetual motion machine "(that which is constantly moving), which, however, has been abandoned to ridicule within the science taught at universities. This is for the simple reason that what cannot be cannot be, for a Perpetuum mobile simply has no place in the traditional laws of "previous earthly physics. In this physical theory, which is also called classical ", one assumes that the earth is a limited, to a certain extent self-contained space, which is why the bodies on this earth can only work or move with a limited amount of energy. However, if one looks at the earth different, e.g. as a tiny ball in the depths of the universe, as part of a much larger system, it quickly becomes clear to everyone that in the great structure of Kepler's and Galilean celestial mechanics there is certainly space for other energies coming from outside
and forces that act on the celestial body earth and the objects and forms of life on it. The thinkers and researchers of ancient Greece did not speak of the universe as an empty space, so to speak of a nothing, but of a fluid, a ether that fills the vast space and is, so to speak, even purer air "above the actual space However, since it was not possible to measure such an ether with the megertas that modern physics then produced in the 19th and 20th centuries, it did not exist for physicists either. - It is as simple as that. Since this supposedly non-existent ther has not yet been researched. The outsider researcher Eduard Krausz, on the other hand, has rediscovered it. In his book The Universe Works Different "he presents the ther as a decisive physical quantity when it comes to the causes of gravity to get to the bottom of it. From this, Krausz developed a completely new theory of gravity, which he was actually able to verify with the results of his Gelsenkirchen experiment. According to this, gravity cannot be an immutable physical quantity that depends only on the mass of each body, otherwise it would not be manipulable with the experiment in question In this experiment, which could often be repeated afterwards and always showed the same result, the force coming from the outside (according to Krausz) as an interstellar fluid is partially shielded by a super-fast rotating metal cylinder, so that the body inside the cylinder gains weight This effect cannot be explained with the conventional thinking model of school physics and should not have occurred afterwards (!). According to Krausz, gravity is therefore not an internal force with which every planet attracts the bodies on it, but as one pushes in all directions the universe's expanding ther-pressure elle, evoked
through constant supernova explosions, all bodies on it from the outside onto their planets and thus also keeps the orbiting moon close to the earth. But back to the perpetual motion machine. Anyone who has "dealt with so-called free energy" in more detail will quickly come across the term overunity "(= over 100%), which means nothing else, since you get more energy out of a machine than you put into it. But this cannot be the case according to school physics, because it assumes that only a part of the energy (input) can be used for the actual purpose (output) and the rest in the form of losses "(friction losses in the form of Is it actually not permissible to assume that machines could be developed that also have losses, but whose losses are compensated for by the influx of other, constantly available, i.e. inexhaustible energy? On an American website, who deals with Meyer's water car, says that it depends on the size of the system that surrounds a machine whether it is an overunity machine or not. As an example, a dam is used, which produces considerably more energy over the course of many years when you put it in during construction. That's right. The explanation is simple: The force of gravity that causes the water to flow down to the valley generates constant energy afterwards, tinkerers, inventors and hobbyists around the world did not rest until they believed they had found a perpetual motion machine or at least an overunity machine. And they did find it. In the meantime, this has been proven in the most diverse technical apparatuses of the so-called free "energy. They had thus developed machines which after an impulse, an impulse from outside, a starting energy, continued to run on their own and did not
stopped walking. A good example of this is the Testatika generator developed by the Swiss Baumann, which extracts free energy from the static electricity in the air. Instead of being excited that someone had opened a new door in science, they reacted angrily, ignoring the invention or laughing at the inventor ... because - as I said - what cannot be after they themselves introduced , but in the meantime should not be outdated explanatory models. Physics is a closed space of explanations, and what it cannot explain simply doesn't exist. - Close door and end the discussion. Whether the use of Browns Gas also represents a typical perpetual motion machine or an overunity device cannot yet be clearly assessed at the time of the current state of development. Some who have dealt with it say no. Nevertheless, doubts remain, because terms such as implosion ", energy vortex" and others. are components of new ideas and research results that can provide the appropriate theory for practical application. This would indeed be a new task to which physics should devote itself one day, because it is not part of the task of an inventor to put together a theory for the experimental results he has found. He can do this, but he doesn't have to, because he is primarily interested in practical solutions. Up to now we have not managed to explain the phenomenon of life scientifically in this way, since we know about the cause and the meaning of this phenomenon. Science is sufficient because it describes life in its manifestations and down to the last Scouted the angle of the DNA double spiral.
The exploration and full explanation of Brown's gas is still pending. In any case, skeptics who would like to relocate Brown's Gas to the realm of esoteric worlds should read the following finding by an American scientist several times: (summarized from: Peter E. Lowrie Electrolytic Gas "(PDF brochure, 16 pp., 15.6. 2006, scientific paper) Before there was water (on earth) there was only gas.In space, water is formed by electrical discharges with the help of sufficiently dense atomic or molecular clouds. Terrestrial water was formed in three different ways: 1. Water , which was caught from space 2. by electrical discharges 3. by cellular metabolism A small electrical discharge sets in motion chain reactions between hydrogen and oxygen in a physical process that emits orders of magnitude more energy than is necessary, then in an electrochemical one Reaction to split off the resulting oxygen, none of which harms the physics in any way alic laws when these facts are presented in their correct context.
The oxide of hydrogen (water!) Did not exist before the gas, but vice versa.
In so far as electrolysis gas is used as a fuel for internal combustion engines, it must be pointed out that the first internal combustion engine, which was invented in 1807, used such electrolytic gas as fuel. Source: www.waterpoweredcar.com
Hydrogen and oxygen from water
Of course, you cannot describe Brown's Gas entirely without chemistry. If we imagine normal water, most of you will know what chemical elements it consists of, namely hydrogen and oxygen. If we look at the chemical formula H2O, we can easily see that two parts of hydrogen (O = oxygenium) and one part of oxygen (H = hydrogenium) are connected here. The chemist says: two chemical elements have combined to form a molecule, or also: hydrogen is oxidized to water by oxygen. Water is nothing more than oxidized hydrogen, i.e. hydrogen oxide. In addition to normal water H2O, there is another oxide of hydrogen, namely the oily hydrogen (su) peroxide (H2O2), which has very aggressive properties and is therefore only stored and used in a form diluted with normal water. Hydrogen peroxide is also produced with the help of solar radiation and the ancients already knew that, as they laid their freshly washed laundry on a sunlit meadow to be bleached. The residual moisture in the laundry was partially converted into hydrogen peroxide by solar radiation, simply because the water molecule absorbed another free oxygen atom: H2O + O = H2O2. Another chemical relative of water can be named with the same formula H2O2, namely the so-called oxyhydrogen. If you follow the descriptions and warnings of various manufacturers of HHO / Browns gas energy-saving devices for cars, the gas produced in them actually seems to have the explosive properties of oxyhydrogen.
It can therefore be assumed that these devices do not actually produce pure Browns gas, but rather a kind of mixed gas or pure oxyhydrogen gas that is created from hydrogen that reacts with the ambient air. Often people speak of a pure hydrogen combustion, which is not identical to the combustion of Brown's gas. There are many indications that Brown's gas, unlike oxyhydrogen, is just another configuration of our life element, water. Browns Gas is therefore also referred to as gaseous water by some manufacturers. Some sources suggest that Brown's gas contains both molecular and atomic components, which may explain its unusual properties. Wiseman (Eagle Research), who has made Brown's gas equipment in Canada for decades, says what Yull Brown said, Brown's gas has a number of forms and components. For the most part, it consists of diatomic hydrogen (H2) and diatomic oxygen (O2). One to three percent of the gas is composed of monatomic hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). It is known of these, however, that they are not stable. Nevertheless, they can remain in a stable state, which he himself had determined, since he (Wiseman) had stored Brown's gas for more than a year and it still had its typical properties afterwards. As in every connection or chemical bond, there is also energy in the water molecule, binding energy. Now what happens if we crack open the molecule again? Will the energy be released again? Logically, she would and she does. Before that we had an oxidation. If we now reverse the process, we get a return to the previous state, a so-called reduction. 2H2O 2H2 + O2
Because this chemical reaction can run in both directions, both as a reduction and, conversely, as an oxidation, it is called a redox reaction. The oxidation of the hydrogen, i.e. its combustion, then automatically leads to the creation of water as the end product. So nothing is lost, just fantastic! After his observations, which he made over a long period of time in his experiments, George Wiseman put up the following theory about Brown's gas: In normal electrolysis - that is, when no pure Brown's gas is produced - the electrolysis vessel warms up considerably. So a part of the electrical energy put into it of 442.4 kcal (exothermic) is converted into heat. Wiseman explains this with the fact that the H and O atoms combine again to form H2 and O2 molecules and thereby release heat. Conversely, there should be no heat if it did not result in the formation of di-atomic molecules (i.e. H2 and O2), but instead H and O remain atomically. And indeed, according to Wiseman, he was not able to detect any heat in the case of pure Browns gas production. That sounds logical and leads to the view that Brown's gas consists only, or at least predominantly, of atomic hydrogen and atomic oxygen. In addition, according to Wiseman, a significantly larger volume of gas - namely exactly double - can be observed in Browns gas extraction, since one mole of atomic hydrogen and one mole of atomic oxygen together result in more gas volume than one mole of di-atomic hydrogen and oxygen each (mole = 22.4 liters of a mono-atomic gas). According to Avogadro's law of nature, this amount of gas (22.4 l) always corresponds to the atomic weight of the gas in grams.
So 1 mole of oxygen weighs 16 grams (O has an atomic weight of 16). 1 mole of hydrogen weighs 1 gram (atomic weight 1). It follows from this: H2, i.e. 2 atoms of H, weigh 2 grams, molar volume 22.4 2 = 44.8 liters). One atom of oxygen O weighs 16 grams, molar volume 22.4 liters. Applied to water H2O this means: 2 grams + 16 grams = 18 grams, molar volume 44.8 + 22.4 = 67.2 liters. Wiseman says that if 2 gram-moles of water, i.e. 2 H2O (= 36 grams), are electrolytically split, then two moles of H2 (44.8 liters) + one mole of O (22.4 liters) are created, which together is a gas quantity of 67.2 liters. Wiseman was able to confirm this calculation, as he says, through his experiments. So if you split one liter of water into normal, di-atomic H2O2 gas, 933.3 liters of gas are created, but if you split it into Brown's gas, then, as has already been described in many places, actually double the amount, i.e. double the amount 1866.6 liters. Wiseman goes on to say that if no additional heat is produced during the Browns gas production, then that would also explain the relatively cold "flame of 129 to 138 C, which also occurs when it is reconnected to water, the oxidation (combustion). so, no excess heat is given off either.
This type of oxidation would therefore be a non-exothermic, because it is implosive, combustion. But how does it come, Wiseman also asks, that Brown's gas flame then rises to 3100? Where does the heat come from? Let's speculate: Could it be that the implosive reaction attracts and utilizes further large amounts of energy from the room? Is it related to that, according to opinion
some scientists can spontaneously form hydrogen atoms in space, which flow into the implosion reaction? And is there perhaps an exchange of information between the gas and the substance it touches?
What is clear is that neither the reaction nor the oxidation of Brown's gas generates excess or unnecessary "heat. Wiseman's experiments and conclusions seem to prove this. Wiseman warns that one should not assume that any electrolysis device will be pure Brown's gas There are often mixtures of di-atomic and mono-atomic gas. This depends on the respective design of the devices (?). An analysis of the flame temperature in the air and the amount of gas related to the amount of water consumed should prove that whether it is pure Brown's gas, which is why the use of safety devices such as the flashback preventer (bubbler, etc.) is unavoidable.Explosions of non-Browns gas could be dangerous. If you want to experiment yourself, you should definitely pay attention to things like safety glasses, protective clothing, ear protection, protective glasses and keeping safety distances. So much for Wiseman's assessment. Hydrogen and also oxygen, which are connected to a dipole in the water molecule, both seem to be quite extraordinary elements, the true meaning of which the model explanations of science have not yet been able to assess. The new knowledge of "Global Scaling" has also been able to establish that Brown's Gas occupies a particularly high-energy point in the fractal structure of our material world.
Only the raw material appears again as the product of combustion. We now have a new source of energy. But did we get it without any expenditure of energy? Of course not. The whole thing only works if we add energy to the water splitting (electrolysis) that is to be set in motion, through the action of the electric current. With the help of a low electrical direct voltage, it is possible under a fairly high current flow to separate water into its two components. Some Browns Gas researchers have successfully deviated from this: instead of direct voltage, they used a high-frequency and sometimes high alternating voltage, applied pulsed voltages to the direct voltage, worked with high voltage or with laser beams, and thus increased gas emissions so that an autarkic water drive could be achieved with it . Let us now take a few steps back into the history of chemistry and thus show that the ancients came to results that are still valid today. The first chemists in the history of science dealt with electrolytic cleavage. Of course, many other chemical substances can be broken down with the help of electrolysis. We are only interested in water electrolysis here.
The technical prerequisites for electrolysis were first created by the Italian Alessandro Volta - he is also the namesake of the electrical unit volt "- with his voltaic column", a forerunner of today's battery. This was the first time a direct current source was available. When the British Royal Society found out about it in 1800, several chemists began experimenting with electrolysis: Cruickshank, Nicholson and Carlisle. Anthony Carlisle was the first to prove that it was through electrolytic cleavage
water produces two gases in a ratio of 2: 1. Other sources give the Dutch Troostwijk and Deiman. But only the German Johann Wilhelm Ritter proved that these gases were hydrogen (2 parts) and oxygen (1 part). Other sources speak of Lavoisier. Finally, in 1832, the Englishman Michael Faraday deepened his knowledge of electrolysis by discovering certain chemical principles that we do not need to go into further here. He also designed the first functional electrolysis machines. From water electrolysis to the use of Brown's Gas In order to get to the bottom of the understanding of Brown's Gas (also known as Brown gas, Brownian gas, or in its various modifications or mixed forms also called HHO, Hydroxy or Oxyhydrogen), we first consider how water electrolysis is practically going on. You take an electrically non-conductive vessel (glass, plastic) into which two metal or carbon rods (the electrodes) are mounted. The rods face each other in the vessel and later look a little out of the liquid, the electrolyte, from above. The vessel is now filled with water as an electrolyte and made electrically more conductive by adding a little table salt, sulfuric acid or potassium hydroxide solution. Then a low electrical direct voltage (below 20 volts) is applied to the two electrodes (+ and - pole). After a certain time, the water or the solution warms up and the surface begins to foam. This foam consists of gas bubbles. At the cathode, the negative pole, hydrogen rises and at the anode, the positive pole, oxygen. Some Browns Gas researchers, such as B. Stanley Meyer, have completely dispensed with the addition of substances that promote electrolysis,
because they found other ways to improve gas production. Some of the electrolysis cells that have been on the market for some time now only need pure water to operate. More about that later. Since conventional technology has so far only been interested in the hydrogen produced, the oxygen produced at the same time is ignored. Then what do you do with the hydrogen produced? It is stored in pressurized bottles to finally be transported to the place of use. In the past, hydrogen was often used for welding. This process was first developed by Langmuir in 1926. The expense of pressure bottles, filling stations and transport has a significant impact on all of this and must also be included in the energy balance. Not so with Browns Gas. This can do without the transport chain, as it can always be produced on site. The process of hydrolysis, as it is also called the decomposition of water, takes place in a vessel with many pairs of electrodes connected in series. The electrolyte consists either of pure water or of water with the addition of a reactive substance such as. B. potassium hydroxide (KOH) or sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Just one liter (!) Of water turns into around 1860 liters of Brown's gas (1238 liters of hydrogen and 622 liters of oxygen, corresponding to a ratio of 2: 1). So here is the significant difference to conventional hydrogen production. Brown's gas means: a gas mixture is produced from the water available for hydrolysis, which contains the components hydrogen and oxygen in the
Contains the same mixing ratio as the water from which it was obtained, namely 2: 1. As a result, the hydrogen then burns due to its "oxygen" component, which is brought with it from the chemical compound H2O, not with the help of the outside air. It burns from itself, so to speak. Such a combustion is not an explosive, but an implosive reaction. You could visually compare it with a spiral , which is turned up during the hydrolysis and turned back again during the subsequent combustion: The atoms H and O, which were separated shortly before, find their way back to one another, so to speak. Implosive also because during the oxidation (combustion) a very large amount of Brown's gas is converted back into a small one The company BEST Korea, manufacturer of Browns gas systems, therefore says inexplicably: Strictly speaking, only Browns Gas represents the way to make water a defined and easy-to-produce fuel. To put Brown's Gas at the heart of the hydrogen age ... Brown's Gas (2 H2 + O2) differs from hydrogen (H2) and is itself water (2 H2O) ... The invention of the series electrolyte cell can make water fuel available in unlimited quantities. " Brown's gas has another advantage over other fuel gases, its energy yield is much higher. Type of gas Browns gas Hydrogen raw, gasoline, diesel Energy content 153.5 megajoules / kg 116.3 MJ / kg each about 30 MJ / kg
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