Htk basic tutorial how to play

Guitar: work out a beat pattern

Beat patterns are a dime a dozen. And for a song there are often several ways to accompany it. Only rarely is it really necessary to use the exact punch pattern that is also used in the corresponding original. Usually it is enough if it comes close to the original. Even the original interpreters seldom play one piece like the other, but always modify one piece a little. So it's better to start with a handful of punching patterns and always choose one that fits or comes closest to the piece.

But how do you even acquire a punch pattern? It does not matter whether you are looking for one for your own stock or if you want to get exactly an original sample. It is impractical to memorize hundreds of beat patterns.

It is better to learn a few punch patterns and then learn how to modify them and combine them differently.

However, there are 16 small rhythm patterns (modules) that you should know by heart. Because most of the beat patterns in 4/4 or 12/8 time can be broken down into these 16 patterns. And from the 16 rhythm patterns you can put together sophisticated beat patterns afterwards.

As a component, we are only looking at four different types of impact here. There are actually only four different strokes that you have to know and differentiate.

There are

As banal as it may sound, all the beat patterns that will now follow are built up only from these four elements. (The fact that certain strikes can also be stronger or weaker or that you can strike more or less strings should not be of interest for now.)

I don't really have to mention again that the beat patterns are written down in a tablature and therefore seem to be upside down.

Even if you only do four downstrokes on a 4/4 stroke, you still have the four air strokes upwards. With a 4/4 hit, you perform a total of 8 hits. 4 pulled through correctly and 4 that don't touch the strings. Even if the beats performed are only a quarter of a bar, the arm still makes an eighth movement pattern. This is summarized as the 8el feeling. So all punch patterns in which the arm makes 8 punches (whether up, down, or air blows) these are punch patterns in the 8el feeling.

If you perform the beats twice as fast, i.e. a total of 16 beats (up, down, air beats) in one measure, then one speaks of the 16th note feeling. In particular, it is assumed that a punch pattern in the 16th feeling is always more demanding than one in the 8th feeling, because you simply have more possible combinations. (see below) If you want to practice measures with a 1/16 feel, then I recommend that you only learn them half as fast (i.e. with a 1/8 feel) for the time being. If you can master two or more bar patterns in the 1/8 feeling, it is not difficult for you to increase the tempo more and more until you can also use them in the 1/16 feeling.

The two types of rhythm have one thing in common; and in fact, with these striking patterns, the arm is always moved up and down evenly.

The up and down movement of the striking hand is not interrupted. If there are a lot of air strikes in a row, then the blow itself can be much smaller, but you don't take a break. Once you've figured it out, you won't have any problems keeping the pace.

As already mentioned, all beat patterns of the 8th and 16th feeling are built up from upstrokes or downstrokes that either touch the strings or are executed as air strikes. We remember:

All numbers that are counted are discounts, all "and" are markups

But that should still be known from the campfire and folk diploma.

The 4 basic rhythms [edit]

The 16 basic bar halves [edit]

Only now we will not learn complete beat patterns, but only halves of the measure. However, two halves of the same measure are considered one after the other. But that only has something to do with counting these bar halves, because the individual bar halves can appear at the beginning or at the end of a bar, and you have to be able to count both variants. So remember: don't learn a complete measure now, always learn two halves of the measure.

Rhythm AA55 with air beats

The whole trick is to touch the strings and sometimes not with this beat pattern. If the strings are not touched, the strikes are still performed, but they are so-called "air strikes".

  • In the first bar of this example, only downstrokes are performed, while the upstrokes are all air strikes.
  • In the second measure of this example, only serves are performed, while the downcuts are all air strikes.

In general, the air strikes are not shown separately. Only for this exercise are they particularly clearly highlighted.