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Recognize native garden birds

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Small or large, colorful or black and white: you have often seen many native birds in the garden. But what kind is it?

Status: 04.03.2021 | 11:18 am | NDR 1 Lower Saxony

1 | 25 The blackbird is one of the most common birds in Germany and is easy to recognize by its beautiful song. The males have black plumage and a yellow beak.

© NDR, photo: Andreas Günther from Greifswald

2 | 25 female blackbirds, on the other hand, are less conspicuously colored - as is often the case in the bird world. Their plumage is predominantly brown with black spots.

© imago images, photo: Philippe Ruiz

3 | There are 25 tits of various types. The great tit is the largest and most common species in Germany. It has a black head and a yellow chest with a black stripe.

© NDR, photo: Helgard Schnabel

4 | 25 The name says it all: the upper part of the head as well as the wing and tail feathers of the blue tit are bright blue, their chest is bright yellow. Blue tits are constantly on the move and mostly out and about in trees.

© Colourbox, Photo: Dennis Jacobsen

5 | 25 The house sparrow is better known under the name sparrow and is very common - also in cities. While the male has a black throat, gray cheeks and a gray crown, the female is gray-brown throughout.

© NDR, photo: Helgard Schnabel

6 | 25 The house sparrow has been the most common bird in German gardens for years. His singing is rather monotonous and always consists of the same call.

© NABU, photo: Marcel van Kammen

7 | 25 The tree sparrow is closely related to the sparrow, but smaller. Both sexes are colored the same. Like the male of the house sparrow, tree sparrows also have black throats. Typical features: red-brown head, white cheeks with black spots and a white neck band.

© Colourbox

8 | 25 The jay not only impresses with its size of up to 35 centimeters, but also with its beautiful plumage, which shimmers blue on the wings. As the name suggests, his favorite food is acorns. Vocally, he is a masterful impersonator and can be recognized above all by his alarm call.

© Colourbox, Photo: Dennis Jacobsen

9 | 25 From the outside, the wren, with its brown plumage and small stature, is rather inconspicuous. But his singing has it all - it trills loud and powerful in high notes. Characteristic features are the mostly erect tail and the slightly curved beak.

© picture alliance / blickwinkel, photo: M. Kuehn

10 | 25 The orange-red breast and the brownish top make it easy to spot the robin. The singer hopes for food on the floor. Unlike other birds, robins also sing at night

© Colourbox, photo: Sergejus Bertasius

11 | 25 The chest of the bullfinch or bullfinch is bright pink. It is much larger than a robin, has a sturdy stature and has a striking black cap and a white rump.

© Colourbox

12 | 25 The females are less colorful than the males, their breasts are light brown. The singing of the bullfinch is quiet and rather inconspicuous. Bullfinches belong to the finch family, have powerful black bills and like to eat berries and seeds.

© NDR, photo: Hans-Wilhelm Schrader

13 | 25 He's the star among songbirds. The female chooses the candidate with the most beautiful voice as a partner. The shiny metallic plumage of the starlings has white spots that are more pronounced in winter.

© picture alliance / blickwinkel / M. Kuehn, photo: M. Kuehn

14 | 25 The star's stocks have plummeted in recent years. If you want to offer him a suitable breeding place, hang up one or more starling boxes.

© NDR, photo: Dieter Kaestner from Rostock

15 | 25 Another excellent singer is the song thrush, who serenades especially in the evenings on a fireplace or roof. The beautifully speckled breast of the animals is striking. Males and females look almost identical.

© Colourbox

16 | 25 Tok, tok, tok: Anyone who hears this noise knows that there is a woodpecker nearby. The black-white-red great spotted woodpecker is the most common species in Germany. Dead trees and branches are a magical attraction for the animals. There they look for insects and larvae.

© Colourbox, Photo: Dab

17 | 25 The green woodpecker is a little less common. Unlike the great spotted woodpecker, it is mostly on the ground. There he finds his favorite food - ants.

© dpa, photo: Frank Rumpenhorst

18 | 25 The nuthatch is a skilled climber who searches the tree bark for insects down the trunk. Although only about 14 centimeters tall, it is easy to recognize: it is blue-gray above, orange below, has a black blindfold and a long straight beak.

© Colourbox, Photo: Dennis Jacobsen

19 | 25 The chaffinch is as small as a sparrow, but much more attractively colored. However, only the males show themselves with a rust-red chest and back and a gray-blue head. The females are inconspicuous gray-brown. Chaffinches live in forests or gardens and parks with large trees.

© dpa, photo: Felix Kästle

20 | 25 The greenfinch is not quite as colorful, but beautiful to look at with its yellow wing and tail feathers. As a herbivore with a powerful beak, it likes seeds, berries and buds. His voice sounds like a canary's.

© picture alliance / Arco Images GmbH, Photo: Usher, D.

21 | 25 The colorful goldfinch also belongs to the finch family. It feeds exclusively on seeds and is also called goldfinch due to its preference for thistles. Outwardly, males and females differ only slightly.

© Colourbox, Photo: Dennis Jacobsen

22 | 25 These large, black and white birds are now common in cities, where they live in parks and gardens. Typical of magpies are their hopping movements when they are looking for food on the ground. Her voice sounds a bit like a goat's grumbling.

© picture alliance / blickwinkel, photo: T. Will

23 | 25 swallows are widespread in Germany, but the numbers are decreasing. The different species differ in size and details on the plumage. The red-brown color of the throat and forehead of the barn swallow is striking. It breeds in nests made from small lumps of clay, which it likes to build on barns and sheds.

© fotolia.com, photo: Martijn van Dijk

24 | 25 The relatively short tail of the smaller house martin is clearly forked - a typical swallowtail. The plumage shines blue-black on the head and back, the throat and chest are white.

© fotolia.com, photo: ryzhkov_sergey

25 | 25 Significantly larger than swallows, but swifts are just as good fliers. Its wingspan reaches more than 40 centimeters, the wings are curved sickle-shaped. Common swifts are an endangered species on the “Red List” warning list. They like to build their shallow nest at great heights.

© dpa picture alliance, photo: WILDLIFE / M.Varesvuo

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NDR 1 Lower Saxony | 05/10/2019 | 07:40 am