What is Preve Sweetener
Better than sugar? What you should know about sweeteners
Written by Astrid Clasen • Medical editor
Our content is based on well-founded scientific sources that reflect the currently recognized state of medical knowledge. We work closely with medical experts.Learn more
The more sugar falls into disrepute, the more popular artificial sweeteners such as aspartame, cyclamate or stevia become. But what exactly are sweeteners? And is too much of it unhealthy?
1. What are sweeteners?
Sweeteners are natural or man-made chemical compounds that are known as Substitutes Mainly used for table sugar (sucrose) and grape sugar (glucose) in foods.
2. What are the advantages of sweetener compared to sugar?
Unlike sugar, they have sweeteners hardly any calories and cause no tooth decay. They are particularly suitable for people with diabetes mellitus or overweight instead of sugar.
3. Why do sweeteners have E-numbers?
According to food law, sweeteners are so-called Food additives. For every approved food additive there is one E number assigned.
Like other food additives, a sweetener must be used before it can be used authorized become. Eleven sweeteners are currently approved in the European Union (EU):
- Acesulfame potassium or acesulfame K (E 950)
- Aspartame (E 951)
- Cyclamate or cyclohexane sulfamic acid and its sodium and calcium salts (E 952)
- Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts (E 954)
- Sucralose (E 955)
- Thaumatin (E 957)
- Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone or neohesperidin DC (E 959)
- Steviol glycosides or stevia (E 960)
- Neotame (E 961)
- Aspartame acesulfame salt (E 962)
- Advantam (E 969)
4. Are sweeteners and sugar substitutes the same thing?
No. In Germany, a distinction used to be made between sweeteners and sugar substitutes. In the current EU rules on food additives, both are covered by the term Sweeteners summarized.
No sweeteners, but Sugar substitutes are sorbitol (E 420), mannitol (E 421), isomalt (E 953), polyglycitol syrup (E 964), maltitol (E 965), lactitol (E 966), xylitol (E 967) and erythritol (E 968). From a chemical point of view, these substances are sugar alcohols. Their physiological calorific values are comparable to those of table sugar.
5. How sweet are sweeteners?
The measure of sweetness is that Sweetness: It indicates how much a substance is sweeter than ordinary table sugar. The latter has a sweetening power of 1. All sweeteners have a stronger sweetening power than table sugar. Absolute Front runner is the sweetener Advantam, which has been approved since June 2014: It is up to 37,000 times sweeter than table sugar!
The sweetening power of the various sweeteners at a glance:
|E 952||Cyclamate (cyclohexane sulfamic acid and its Na and Ca salts)||30–40|
|E 954||Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts||300–500|
|E 959||Neohesperidin DC||1.000–1.800|
|E 960||Steviol glycosides (stevia)||200–300|
|E 962||Aspartame acesulfame salt||350|
6. Can sweeteners be in anywhere?
No: In the food industry, sweeteners are used on certain products limited. In general, sweeteners, for example, are generally prohibited in baby food and also in organic products.
7. How much sweetener can it be?
When assessing the health of the sweeteners, the competent experts have the permitted daily dose (or harmless daily intake, English: Acceptable Daily Intake, ADI). The ADI value is shown in Milligrams per kilogram of body weight specified. A person should be able to ingest this amount of sweetener every day for a lifetime without having to expect any damage to their health.
Permitted daily dose (ADI value) for the sweeteners approved in the EU:
|E no.||sweetener||ADI value (mg per kg body weight and day)|
|E 957||Thaumatin||not fixed|
|E 959||Neohesperidin DC||5|
|E 962||Aspartame acesulfame salt||not fixed|
8. When can sweeteners be helpful?
As a low-calorie sugar substitute, sweetener can not only help maintain body weight, but also likely help reduce excess weight.
9. What speaks against sweeteners?
On long term and for people who Notlose weight want is regular consumption of sweetener Not to recommend.
One reason for this is: Sweeteners change the perception of taste! Children in particular quickly get used to the extreme sweetness of products containing sweeteners. Over time, they have an ever greater desire for sweet foods and at the same time can no longer perceive the natural sweetness of fruits. This can mean that the children want to eat less and less fresh fruit.
The good news: if you change your diet and avoid sweeteners, you will return to normal, healthy taste.
It may also be advisable to use certain sweeteners for certain health reasons avoid. For example, people with the metabolic disorder named Phenylketonuria do not ingest aspartame.
10. Are there studies that show that sweeteners are unhealthy?
Sweeteners are considered health-wise harmless. But about how the intake of sweetener long term has an impact on health, we still know too little. Studies of possible adverse effects were also made different results.
According to a recently published study, people who consume artificially sweetened drinks frequently are three times more likely to get them later Strokes and Dementia. And an older study showed a possible connection between the consumption of beverages containing sweeteners and the increasing frequency of metabolic syndrome and Type 2 diabetes.
Presumably, the intake of sweeteners has an appetite-increasing effect and thus ultimately accelerates weight gain. This is also supported by the results of animal studies in which rats whose food contained artificial sweeteners gained weight more quickly than rats whose food was not artificially sweetened.
In another study, artificial sweeteners, which are supposed to facilitate diets and prevent diabetes, had the opposite effect in mice. The animals' drinking water was mixed with the sweeteners saccharin, sucralose or aspartame for several weeks. This led to one in the mice Weight gain and one Increase in blood sugar.
The reason for this is likely that the sweeteners change the intestinal flora. This change also occurred in a final experiment on seven healthy people: after just one week of daily intake of saccharin in the maximum amount that is considered to be harmless, four of the seven test persons had a changed intestinal flora and poorer results in the sugar stress test.
Conclusion: According to current studies, it can still no final recommendation be pronounced for or against sweetener. For diabetics or for overweight people who want to lose weight, sweeteners may be helpful. However, from a health point of view, it seems more advisable to use sugar and Sweeteners only in small amounts to consume.
Online information from the Pschyrembel: www.pschyrembel.de (accessed on: February 12, 2019)
Sweetening foods and sweeteners. Online information from the Federal Center for Nutrition (BZfE): www.bzfe.de (accessed on: February 12, 2019)
Framingham study sees sweetener as a stroke and dementia risk. Online information from Deutsches Ärzteblatt: www.aerzteblatt.de (as of April 24, 2017)
Sweet, sweeter, sweeteners? Online information from the Agriculture - Food - Rural Areas information service: www.landwirtschaft-bw.info (as of January 26, 2017)
Chen, C .: Non-calorie artificial sweeteners affect body weight: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Challenges to evidence-based health care and Cochrane. Abstracts of the 24th Cochrane Colloquium, 2016 23-27 Oct, Seoul, Korea. John Wiley & Sons, 2016
Sweeteners change the taste. Online information from the Federal Center for Nutrition (BZfE): www.bzfe.de (as of June 29, 2016)
Suez, J., et al .: Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota. Nature Vol. 514, Iss. 7521, pp. 181-186 (October 9, 2014)
Background information No. 025/2014 of the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR): Assessment of sweeteners and sugar substitutes. Online information from the BfR: www.bfr.bund.de (as of July 1, 2014)
Sweetener Advantam approved. Online information from the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture: www.bmel.de (as of: 4.6.2014)
Shankar, P., et al .: Non-nutritive sweeteners: Review and update. Nutrition, Vol. 29, Iss. 11-12, pp. 1293-1299 (Nov. – Dec. 2013)
EU authority: sweetener aspartame not harmful. Online information from Deutsches Ärzteblatt: www.aerzteblatt.de (as of February 28, 2011)
Onmeda reading tips:
- www.bfr.bund.de The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment provides information on current developments and backgrounds under the heading of food safety.
Last change: 30.03.2020
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