How to grow Lacatan bananas
How to grow bananas from seeds
Is it possible to grow a banana at home or in a greenhouse to see how it blooms and bears fruit? Can. But you will hardly be able to enjoy the taste of its fruit. If everything is done right, there will be flowers and fruits. But their edibility will be very relative.
The fact is that banana and banana are different. The ones we buy come from plants that did not exist in nature before human intervention. In wild bananas, about 90% of the fruit consists of large (about an inch long) black inedible seeds. But people noticed that the fruits of some banana seeds had little or no seeds. They began deliberately to propagate the offspring of plants with a minimal number of seeds in fruits.
This is how the banana varieties known to us came into being (with a few simplifications of course).
In addition to the cultural forms already mentioned, there are others in which the presence of seeds is not only permitted but even encouraged.
For example the notorious textile banana. And then there is decorative bananas that are grown to decorate rooms.
Start by preparing the seeds. They have a fairly rigid shell that must be damaged in order for water to enter the embryo. This treatment is called scarification. You can do it with sandpaper, a nail file, or simply by scratching with a needle. The main thing is not to overdo it. The shell should not be destroyed, only damaged.
Another important point is the choice of dishes. When there are no more than 10 seeds, the easiest way is to plant them one at a time in disposable plastic cups. It is more convenient to sow more seeds in a common bowl. It should be wide enough but not too deep. Don't forget to drill holes about 10mm in diameter in each corner and in the center of the floor to drain off excess water.
First, pour a layer of drainage made of small pebbles or expanded clay 1.5-2 cm high in the selected dish, and then a layer of substrate. Its height is largely determined by the depth of the bowl, but it should be at least 4 cm. There should also be a clearance of about 3-4 cm from the surface of the substrate to the edge of the bowl so that the emerging seedlings do not rest from above against the glass on the greenhouse.
And it is imperative to have it covered. The fact is that the germination time of Banana seeds (also fresh) is quite long - at least 3 months. Before planting, the seeds should be placed in a sufficiently saturated (the color of a very strong tea) potassium permanganate solution for 30 minutes. With the same solution (and even hot), it is advisable to water the substrate abundantly an hour before sowing.
The substrate in this case is a simple mixture of coarse river sand (previously thoroughly washed and calcined on a dry metal sheet) with a small amount of steamed peat (4: 1). Adding something "nutritious" to the substrate is not only meaningless but also harmful - it will attract a multitude of these very putrefactive bacteria and fungi that we want to get rid of.
Seeds are evenly distributed on the surface of the substrate and lightly (!) Pressed in. They need light to germinate.
It is clear that the seed pot itself should be in a fairly bright place. However, direct sunlight is unacceptable as it inevitably leads to overheating and death of seeds.
When the substrate dries out, dip the dishes with the crops in a slightly larger bowl filled with warm boiling water and lightly painted over with potassium permanganate. The immersion depth should ensure that the bottom of the substrate comes into contact with water. But not anymore. A sure sign of the end of watering is the appearance of damp spots on the surface of the substrate.
If mold appears, which can manifest itself in the form of a small white rash on the seed itself, cotton-like white lumps on the substrate, or a white, fluffy web, you need to act immediately. With the help of an ordinary teaspoon, for example, infected and suspicious seeds and areas of the substrate are ruthlessly removed. They do this with a reasonable amount of space and a depth of at least an inch. At the end of the procedure, the entire surface is copiously sprayed with a previously prepared strong solution of potassium permanganate, and the cover slip is immediately returned to its place. It should also be disinfected, by the way.
With the emergence of the seedlings, everything will change. Banana grows surprisingly fast. Under suitable conditions, within a year, tender seedlings turn into vigorous plants with a height of 2-2.5 m and a thickness of about 15 cm (at ground level).
To do this, however, they have to get plenty of everything: light, heat, water and fertilizer. Get ready for the fact that by the end of its first year of life, your pet no longer needs a flower pot, but a tub or box that can hold 30-40 liters of soil.
One consolation - this will stop the wild growth of a banana, it will bloom, fruits will appear and ripen, and the plant itself will surely ... die. Yes, don't be surprised or outraged. banana is a herb, albeit a large one. And the lot of all herbs is the same - growing quickly, giving offspring and making room for a new generation.
By the way, if you don't stop there, you don't have to mess with the seeds. Children (10-15 pieces) appear next to the dying old banana, which is enough to carefully separate them and put them in the appropriate jar. And everything will happen again.
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