What is prevalent psychomotor disorder

Difference Between Bipolar and Unipolar

Difference between 2021

Main difference: bipolar disorder it is a condition in which people experience large fluctuations in mood. A person can begin to feel happy and then quickly become sad or depressed


Main difference: Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people experience severe mood swings. A person can begin to be happy and then quickly get sad or depressed. Unipolar depression is a mental disorder that causes a patient to have a bad mood, low self-esteem, loss of interest, and loss of pleasure in activities.

Bipolar and unipolar disorder are two conditions that are often referred to as the same because of the similarities in their names. However, these two diseases are very different from each other. Patients with bipolar disorder have mood swings that make them happy and then sad. However, unipolar is a severe form of depression and the patient is constantly in a bad mood.

Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people experience severe mood swings. A person can begin to be happy and then quickly get sad or depressed. These mood swings are very quick and can occur in a matter of minutes. Bipolar disorder occurs equally in men and women between the ages of 15 and 25, and there is no specific reason for the cause of the disorder, although it can be traced back to life-changing situations, medication, lack of sleep, and recreational drug use.

There are three types of bipolar disorder: type I bipolar disorder, type II bipolar disorder, and cyclothymia. Bipolar Type I is a disorder in which people have at least one manic episode and periods of major depression. This type of disorder was formerly known as manic depression. Type II has never suffered full mania, but experiences high levels of energy and impulsivity, which leads to him being suddenly happy and genuinely excited (known as hypomania) and sad and depressed a little later. Cyclothymia is a mild form of bipolar disorder in which a person experiences only minor mood swings that are not as dangerous. People with this form alternate between hypomania and mild depression.

Symptoms for bipolar disorder can last a few minutes to days to months and include mild distraction, insomnia, poor judgment, temperament, reckless behavior, or lack of self-control (drug use, dangerous behavior, reckless driving, etc.), elevated mood (hyperactive nature, increased energy etc.), heavily involved in activities, easily angry or upset, loss of appetite, tiredness or lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, loss of pleasure in activities, low self-esteem, thoughts of suicide, etc. These symptoms are more pronounced in type I bipolar disorder and occur in type II with a lower intensity. CBT, parental anxiety management, hypnotherapy, herbal treatments, caffeine elimination, and combined treatments are just a few treatments that have been shown to be effective in treating bipolar disorders.

Unipolar depression is a mental disorder that causes a patient to have a bad mood, low self-esteem, loss of interest, and loss of pleasure in activities. Other names for this disorder include major depressive disorder (MDD), depression, or depression. This disorder is considered to be a severe form of depression in which a person may have low states for longer periods of time compared to the shorter periods of normal depression. Unipolar Disorder was named, described, and classified in the 1980 edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic Manual. Unipolar depression affects school life, personal life, eating habits, sleeping habits and if left untreated it can lead to suicide.

Symptoms for the disorder include changes in eating and sleeping habits, changes in behavior, variety in personal relationships, poor mood, loss of appetite, worthlessness, inappropriate guilt or regret, helplessness, hopelessness, and self-loathing. Severe cases can also include psychosis-like symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations. Other symptoms include withdrawal from social activities, decreased sex drive, insomnia, poor concentration, inability to concentrate, thoughts of death, or feelings of suicide. Major depression often occurs with other psychiatric problems, such as: B. in anxiety, bipolar disorder, etc.

It is believed that unipolar depression is caused by a number of factors that affect a person. It can be psychological, biological, and social. Genetics are also known to play a role in causing depression. Sudden changes, such as the death of a family illness, could also help trigger the disorder. Depression has also been closely linked to drug and substance abuse and withdrawal from drugs and substances. Unipolar depression can be classified into five sub-types called specifiers, which are recognized by the DSM-IV-TR. Wikipedia lists them as:

  • Melancholic depression is characterized by a loss of enjoyment of most or all activities, a failure to react to pleasant stimuli, a depressed mood more pronounced than sadness or loss, worsening of symptoms in the morning hours and waking up early, psychomotor retardation , excessive weight loss (not to be confused with anorexia nervosa), or excessive guilt.
  • Atypical depression is characterized by mood reactivity (paradoxical anhedonia) and positivity, significant weight gain or appetite (comfort eating), excessive sleep or fatigue (hypersomnia), a feeling of heaviness in the limbs known as lead paralysis, and significant social impairment as a result of one Hypersensitivity to perceived interpersonal rejection.
  • Katatonic depression is a rare and severe form of major depression that causes motor disorders and other symptoms. Here the person is dumb and almost stupid and either remains immobile or shows pointless or even bizarre movements. Catatonic symptoms also occur with schizophrenia or manic episodes, or can be caused by neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
  • Postpartum depression, or mental and behavioral disorders related to the puerperium, not classified elsewhere, refer to the intense, persistent, and sometimes disabling depression experienced by women after childbirth. The incidence rate of postpartum depression in new mothers is between 10 and 15%. The DSM-IV stipulates that the onset of the disease can occur within one month of birth to qualify as postpartum depression. It has been said that depression can last up to three months after giving birth.
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a form of depression in which depressive episodes occur in the fall or winter and subside in the spring. The diagnosis is made when at least two episodes have occurred in the colder months, and at no other time for a period of two years or more.

Unipolar can be treated with antidepressants, behavior therapy, and cognitive therapy. Therapy can also be used to prevent the onset of the disease. If the patient does not respond to therapy or antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy can also be used. In this therapy, electrical impulses are sent directly to the brain through two electrodes attached to each temple. The electrical impulses attempt to trigger a seizure while the patient is briefly under general anesthesia. This is a quick and easy way to help patients who are no longer responding to other treatments.




Bipolar is a psychotic disorder in which the patient exhibits excessive mood swings such as mania and depression.

Unipolar is a condition that leaves people in a state of bad mood, low self-esteem, and loss of interest in activities. This condition affects the person's daily activities.


Symptoms differ depending on the person. However, constant and excessive mood swings have been linked to a bipolar relationship.

Low energy levels, loss of interest in normal activities, change in appetite, weight gain or loss, excessive sleep, insomnia, and loss of concentration.


Bipolar disorder has been attributed to genetics, physiological, and environmental factors.

According to the bio-psychosocial model, unipolar is caused by a number of factors that influence biological, psychological, and social factors, all of which contribute to causing depression. Known causes include abuse, certain medications, conflict, death or loss, genetics, major changes, personal problems, serious illness, and substance abuse.


Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymia, and Bipolar Disorder NOS.

Melancholic depression, atypical depression, catatonic depression, postpartum depression, and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).


CBT, parental anxiety management, hypnotherapy treatments, herbal treatments, caffeine elimination, and combined treatments.

Depending on how the depression gets worse, it can be treated with medication, therapy, and various other measures.

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