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Fishing knot: list and instructions
Even when the best rod, the most expensive reel and the most powerful line are involved, no angler can avoid mastering the right fishing knots. They are used to tie lines together, attach bait, tie hooks and swivels, and much more. Even if there is usually a fellow fisherman on hand who can tie the right knot in an emergency, one should not rely on it. Basic knowledge of knots is simply indispensable.
It is quite sufficient if you master five to six knots. Which knots are exactly the right one varies from angler to angler. Depending on your personal needs, you will need different knots. Whether you are a fly fisherman, knotting dropshot assemblies, fishing with monofilament or braided line - the knots required can vary greatly.
In the following you will find an overview of all important knots including instructions on how to easily tie the knots yourself.
All fishing knots at a glance
General information about fishing knots
There are some basic things to keep in mind with all nodes. For example, it doesn't matter which knot you want to tie - in any case, the knots must be tied as precisely as possible. This is the only way to ensure the security of the respective node. Almost all knots should also be moistened before they are tightened. The reason for this is that when it is tightened, heat can be generated which could damage the fishing line. The knot would then no longer be tenable. If the cord is moistened before it is pulled together, this heat will not be generated.
Important properties of a fishing knot
In order to find the ideal fishing knot for your purposes, there are different properties that a fishing knot should have. The most important criterion of a knot is certainly its strength, which can reduce the load-bearing capacity of the line accordingly.
Nodes are always weak points in a connection. Under load, the fishing line will likely break where there is a knot. The knot strength is the number that indicates what percentage of the specified load-bearing capacity of a fishing line is still available when a knot is connected. This depends on the one hand on the material used and on the other hand on the type of knot. On average, knots reduce the load-bearing capacity by around 30 percent.
But there are also plenty of fishing knots that have a knot strength of over 90 percent. However, this is only the case if the fishing line is not damaged in any way, is not roughened or does not run over sharp edges. Every squeezing or stretching changes the diameter of the fishing line and thus also the specified tear strength.
Suitable knots for different cords
Depending on which cords you want to connect with what, very different knots are used. For example, if you want to connect monofilament line with braided line or attach leaders to fly line, you are on the safe side with knots like the Albright knot. If two cords of different strengths are to be tied, the Grinner knot is used. Some knots are only suitable for monofilament fishing line - such as the double Centauri knot. Others, such as the blood knot, the water knot or the surgeon's knot, can be used with monofilament or braided line and also with fly line. So before you try to find a certain knot repertoire, you should definitely determine what exactly you need to connect the most and what material you will use for it.
Uses of fishing knots
Of course, there are also different node types that can be used for different purposes. Most of the fishing knots are multifunctional and can be useful for several purposes. For your purposes, find the knots that best suit your equipment and practice them at home. In the heat of the moment, the knots often have to be tied quickly and under adverse circumstances. It is therefore an advantage if you have mastered them well before you go to the water.
Attaching the line to the bait
These are knots that are used to attach the fishing line to eyelets and vertebrae. Anyone who has mastered a clinch knot and some of its modifications, for example, can manage countless situations well. The World Exhibition Knot, the Trylene Knot, the Dynacrown Knot, the Grinner Knot, the Palomar Knot or the Berkley Knot are also suitable. All of these knots shine because of their 90 percent knot strength.
While the Grinner knot and the Berkley knot are more ideal for use with braided line, the Palomar knot, on the other hand, is a classic knot for monofilament line. With such knots, all things that have eyelets or eyes can be securely tied.
Attaching the line to the spool
If the fish pulls all of the line off the reel while playing, it is important that the fishing line is securely attached to the spool. You can use a coil axis knot or an arbor knot for this. The latter is particularly popular with fly fishermen. With these two knots you can easily and securely attach the line to your reel, regardless of whether you are winding monofilament or multifilament. The knots are not too bulky and do not interfere with the even line laying on the reel.
Another popular knot for attaching the line to the spool axis is the double grinner knot. This has a little more load-bearing capacity than the arbor knot, but it is a lot thicker. Especially if you are fishing with a flat reel, this can be a decisive criterion for choosing the right knot, because it should not be forgotten that every bump in the winding pattern costs throwing distance.
Only when the line is securely tied to the spool can you be sure that the fish cannot escape with the complete fishing line. In order to prevent the braided cord from slipping through, it is wise to use some double-sided adhesive tape as well.
The connection of two cords
If you have to connect two strings, you first have to be clear about which two strings they are. With an Albright knot and its modifications, for example, monofilament, braided and even fly lines with a knot strength of up to 95 percent can be linked together. If you have to connect cords of different thicknesses, you can use a water knot in addition to a star knot. If the diameters of the cords are similar, a blood knot, a double centauri or a double grinner knot is recommended. You can connect a monofilament chalk line to a braided main line using chalk line knots.
With a stopper knot you can thicken part of the main line and thus prevent a running pose from slipping through, for example. If necessary, it can be moved - similar to a rubber stopper - and thus adapted to the water depth. There are also different versions of the stopper knot. You can choose from the overhand stopper knot, the loop stopper knot or the valve rubber stopper knot. Once learned, such stopper knots can be used in many ways and help avoid unpleasant situations (keyword: no more stoppers can be found in the tackle box).
Attaching hooks to the string
When attaching hooks to the cord, it depends on the one hand on whether you have to attach a hook with an eyelet or a hook with a plate. There are some arguments in particular for tying plate hooks. Line strength and hook size can be combined individually, and the length of the leader can be chosen as desired. Machine-tied plate hooks, for example, often have weak points. On the other hand, the fishing line material also plays a role. Common to all common hook knots is a knot strength between 90 and 95 percent. The Grinner hook knot or the clinch hook shank knot is suitable for all hook types.
The plate hook knot, on the other hand, is - as the name suggests - only suitable for plate hooks.
If you want to tie a hook with an eye, you can use a Palomar knot, a Centauri knot or a Jansik knot.
So-called knotless connections also wear over 90 percent of the cord strength. These are small cord connectors in different strengths that can be used for both braided and monofilament cords. Because no actual knot is made with such no-knot connections, you should not forget that if a line breaks, the main line usually has to believe it.
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