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Image division

This page is about an appealing picture layout. Here I give some tips on how to split an image so that the content is placed as interesting and dynamic as possible.


Golden cut

The Golden ratio is used when dividing areas, which is why it is one of the most basic options for designing pictures or other areas in a visually appealing way. The area is divided in the size ratio 3: 5 or 5: 8 - 8:13 - 13:21 etc. (the smaller number is added to the larger, the larger is then the smaller number).

That means, if you have an area, for example the size of 80cm: 160cm, you divide it into 30cm: 50cm and 60cm: 100cm. The golden ratio is usually set when creating one Posters one because this division creates both calm and tension. It is clearly structured and easily recognizable.

The division of the picture in the golden ratio does not necessarily mean that one has to calculate. Imagine a DIN A4 sheet of paper, this is divided into 3 parts of 5 parts (i.e. one side is a little smaller than half, the other a little bigger). You can also calculate 3 plus 5; that's 8 of which half is 4.

If you were to divide the sheet into several equal parts, the golden ratio would be either 3 or 5 parts (in the example 2: 3 - red lines in the picture above). Objects placed at this point are therefore in the golden ratio (either above like the blue rabbit, or below like the green snail). The objects can also be placed on the other sides of the red line. This then has a dynamic and balanced effect (since there is no absolute symmetry; the motifs are not in the exact center of the sheet).


Examples of the golden ratio


Put in the bleed

If you place a motif on the edge of the page so that even part of the image falls away, it is in the bleed.
The viewer “thinks” the missing part of the picture - this stimulates the viewer's imagination, the motif appears more interesting.



Optical center

If you place a subject horizontally exactly in the middle of the picture, it looks to the viewer as if it were falling down. In order to counteract this optical illusion of the motif that is supposedly placed too far down, the motif is placed at the height of the optical center.

The optical center is a little bit (e.g. 1/3 or 1/4) higher than the actual center. The motif is much calmer and more balanced there - the viewer does not get the annoying feeling that the motif is too far below.


Set in parallel

If you want to show spatial depth, it is advisable to arrange your motifs parallel to each other. The rear object is usually smaller.


Image division

And there is the possibility of something pyramidal to arrange (one of the basic rules for picture taking, so to speak). To do this, you place the larger objects towards the back and let them become smaller in size towards the front - always towards the viewer. This is also liked in Still life used.

Then of course the classic - everything in a row put.

scattering is also popular, but looks very chaotic and disorganized. Then you can contrast something. If this also runs parallel to a vanishing point, it results in even more tension and space (where you place the vanishing point is again an interesting possibility that you can vary).

And then one more thing placed side by side and sorted by size. Of course, it always looks different on which side the larger object is and which side the small object is on.

Grade for Decorations, Background or foreground design and general details, these tips are not uninteresting to make a picture more interesting and dynamic.


Further pages

Articles on the topic

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