Which material is cotton twill warm

The big textile checkWhich materials really warm us in winter

First October showed itself from its most beautiful and golden side, now it is snowing in parts of Germany, it is wet and cold. The t-shirts should be slowly tucked away in the back of the wardrobe - it's your turn to turtlenecks, down coats and boots!

But what really keeps us warm in winter? Fleece, cotton, wool, polyester: BILD does the big textile check. And a stylist reveals what to look for when shopping in winter.

1. wool

Properties: Wool keeps us warm, stores heat in the body and is also breathable. Because it is a natural product and mostly comes from living sheep or from (cashmere, angora) goats, camels or (angora) rabbits, it is the perfect choice of material for winter. The plucked wool from angora rabbits is sweat-absorbent and warming. The wool of the angora goat is called "mohair".

The best wool quality is marked with the “pure new wool” seal. Information such as “pure wool” or “wool” can indicate poorer wool quality.

Advantages: ► Wool is a heat store. ► It absorbs moisture without feeling damp. ► It hardly creases, you don't necessarily have to iron it. ► In contrast to synthetic fibers, it does not absorb odors (sweat, grease, smoke, etc.) as strongly.

Disadvantage: ► If the yarn quality is poor, friction from jackets or bags can lead to small knots and lint ("pilling") - for example on the hem or under the arms. ► High-quality woolen clothing is not only expensive to buy, but also to be cared for. Cleaning is often recommended instead of the washing machine.

Keeping warm factor: very high.

2. Cotton

properties: Clothing made of cotton fibers has been around for thousands of years. The cotton plant is now mainly planted and picked in China, India, Pakistan and the USA. The well-known white cotton ball appears after the seed has matured in a capsule and it bursts. Basic shirts and sweaters, jeans and underwear are primarily made from cotton. The natural material is more suitable for summer than winter, as it is airy but not warming.

advantages: ► Cotton is a relatively inexpensive and renewable raw material and is therefore often used by industry. ► Clothing made of cotton is well tolerated, so it is also suitable for allergy sufferers. ► The material is particularly suitable for casual wear.

disadvantage: ► Cotton clothing takes a long time to dry and wrinkles badly. ► Cotton is often treated with many chemicals. ► Cotton does not warm you properly.

Keeping warm factor: low.

3. Fleece

properties: Fleece fabric is mainly used in functional clothing because it keeps you warm and, in combination with a windbreaker or rain jacket, protects against all adverse weather conditions. It is a synthetic material made from polyester, for example from recycled plastic bottles.

advantages: ► Sweaters, jackets, gloves, hats and scarves made of fleece keep you cozy and warm, as do blankets made of the fabric. ► The material is easy to care for, dries very quickly and does not crease. ► Fleece is very soft and does not scratch the skin.

disadvantage: ► Fleece is a synthetic material that absorbs odor easily and in which you sweat quickly. ► It becomes statically charged, the hair “flies” and it crackles when you take it off.

Keeping warm factor: high.

4. Polyester

properties: Polyesters are plastics from which textiles are made in addition to plastic bottles and packaging.

advantages: ► Clothing made of polyester keeps you warm in combination with other fabrics, and is therefore also used as an inner lining in many jackets, but also as a lining for sleeping bags. ► The fabric is cheap, easy to care for, does not crease and, unlike cotton, dries quickly after washing.

disadvantage: ► The production of plastics is not environmentally friendly because petroleum is used. ► You sweat a lot in polyester clothing and bed linen. ► Although polyester clothing dries very quickly, it is not breathable. The result: the moisture builds up, an unpleasant (sweat) smell and skin irritations can arise.

Keeping warm factor: medium.

5. Animal fur

properties: The oldest form of clothing is animal fur. Even in the Stone Age, people covered themselves with fur and kept them warm. Nowadays, making clothes with and from fur and fur is often associated with terrible torments that animals have to endure.

advantages: ► It keeps you warm and has all the good qualities that animals benefit from in nature. Means: fur is insensitive to dust, dirt and water. ► Fur dries quickly. ► It is expensive to buy, but with good care it can last a lifetime. ► Fur never goes out of style in winter.

disadvantage: ► Fur dries quickly, but often leaves a strong odor. ► Depending on which fur is used, one should be aware of how it is made. Animals are often cruelly tortured and killed in order to obtain their fur. To avoid this, you should pay attention to the origin of your fur. For example, you can buy fur from sheep that have already died, which can be perceived as morally justifiable.

Keeping warm factor: very high.

6. Down

properties: Down is fine feathers that are taken from geese to make blankets, pillows and jackets. The softest down feathers come from the eider.

advantages: ► Down warms and has a great cuddle factor outside (jacket) and inside (duvet). ► With good care, a high-quality jacket can be worn for decades. ► Down jackets can be easily washed in the washing machine. When drying, put two tennis balls in the drum so that the feathers are shaken up again and do not stick together.

disadvantage: ► When it is wet, down sticks together and loses its warmth. ► Feathers are not only obtained from dead animals, but also from living animals. Animal welfare organizations repeatedly point out the excruciating plucking that causes stress and pain for the geese. If you decide on a piece of clothing with down, you should inquire about the origin and husbandry of the animals, and treat your piece of clothing carefully so that you can benefit from it for many years to come. In the case of the eider, one collects its already lost feathers from the nests.

Keeping warm factor: very high.

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You should pay attention to this when shopping in winter

Color, cut, trend: when shopping, many people first and foremost pay attention to whether the item of clothing suits them.

But Kristof Martin, stylist at the online shopping consultancy “Zalon.de” advises not only to pay attention to the appearance: “Touch the item of clothing before buying. A scarf, a sweater or a hat should naturally warm you in winter, but it also has to feel good and not scratch your sensitive winter skin. "

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His tip: cashmere. According to Martin, the fine wool of the cashmere goat is a very expensive product, but very soft and comfortable to wear. “See a cashmere sweater as an investment. In this case, quality has its price. If it's cheap, it's likely not real cashmere, or it's just a percentage of cashmere. With good care, your sweater will last for many years. "

If you don't want to go into debt for a piece of clothing, you can use “pure new wool”. "It keeps you very warm, looks good and is not as expensive as cashmere."

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