What happened to the Mapogo lions

Analysis of the film: The Lion King

That's how it's done:

No matter what type of novel or film, I'll always answer the following questions about each example:


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Analysis of the film: The Lion King

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Note: The genre is classified according to the story grid. More on this in the article: Book & Genre.

1. What is the global genre?

The action story (Rebellion = fight against an obvious villain) is the primary genre forThe Lion King and the internal genre Weltanschauung the secondary genre. But of course there are other genres in the secondary storylines. We recognize a tragic status story for the evil lion uncle Scar (tries to rise in status and fails) and a story about morality where Scar is punished for his actions. There is also a love story between Nala and Simba.

The reality is absurdism because there are no speaking animals. The scope of the story is long and the style is film.


2. Beginning, middle and end each briefly summarized.

Beginning: When a lion cub feels responsible for the loss of a family member, it must decide whether to run away or to be viewed as a murderer by the rest of the pack. The lion cub Simba decides to run away and is picked up by the warthog Pumba and the meerkat Timon.

Center: After the lion cub has grown into a lion and meets his old friend Nala again, who tells him that the sacred land is suffering under Ska's rule, does Simba have to decide whether to face his past or abandon the sacred land? Simba wants to fight for the sacred land and sets off for his homeland, where he realizes the wasteland this once magnificent landscape has degenerated into.

end: If Scar beats Simba's mother and Simba and the pride of lions win the fight against Scar and his hyenas, Simba has to decide whether to kill Scar and really become the murderer, or whether to let Scar go. Simba advises Scar to run away, but Scar attacks Simba one last time and falls to her death.


3. What are the mandatory scenes and conventions of the global genre?

Global genre: action

  • Scene: An exciting attack by the villain.
    Scar arranges for Simba to be overrun by the herd of wildebeest in the ravine.
  • Scene: The hero evades the responsibility that he should act.
    Simba follows Scar's advice to run away instead of breaking news of his father's death to his mother.
    Later: Nala demands from Simba that he must help the consecrated land. But Simba thinks he can't go back.
  • Scene: The hero is forced to leave his familiar world and reacts to it by turning down.
    The three hyenas jade Simba through the ravine, who slides through a forest of thorns and lands in the withered steppe, where he wants to be left alone by Timon and Pumba at the beginning.
  • Scene: The hero finds out / understands what the villain's MacGuffin is.
    Simba realizes that Scar only wanted to be king without wanting to take on the duties of a king.
  • Scene: The first plan against the villain fails.
    Simba confronts Scar, who challenges him to confess to the pride of lions who is responsible for his father's death.
  • Scene: The hero falls into the All-Is-Lost moment when he realizes that he has to change his approach in order to achieve any form of success at all.
    Simba has to accept his past and face it in order to be the lion his father would recognize.
  • Scene: The main event is the hero at the mercy of the villain.(Hero uses his inner gift to outsmart / fight the villain.)
    Simba hangs on the precipice while Scar hits his paws with her claws. Scar admits that Scar killed Simba's father, Mufasa. The power of this realization enables Simba to pull herself up from the abyss again.
  • Scene: The hero is rewarded for the sacrifice he has made.
    Simba takes his rightful place in the eternal circle of life and becomes a father himself.


  • Convention: The three roles hero, victim and villain must be clearly defined. The protagonist has to be the hero.
    The lion cub Simba represents the hero of the story. His uncle Scar is the obvious villain under whom the entire consecrated land and all its animals (even the hyenas) have to suffer.
  • Convention: The object of the hero's desire is to defeat the villain and save the victim.
    As soon as Simba is reminded that he must take his place in the eternal circle, he recognizes the danger and goes to the King's Rock to save the sacred land.
  • Convention: The difference in strength between the hero and the villain is very large. The villain is much stronger than the protagonist.
    Scar is a devious lion who has the hyenas on his side like a force. As the leader of the hyenas, he knows exactly how to convince them and use them for his ascent to king. Simba, on the other hand, is just a lion cub that Scar wants to kill and even lets him grow up with the false guilt for his father's death.
  • Convention: extolling the villain
    Nala tells Simba that there is no more food in the sacred land.


4. What are the objects of desire?

External object of desire: Simba wants to take his place as the rightful heir to the throne in order to bring the consecrated land back into the harmonious balance of life. (Action)

Internal object of desire: Simba has to realize that you cannot run away from the past, but that you have to learn from it in order to become the lion you were meant to be. (Worldview - growing up)


5. What is the controlling topic?

The inhabitants of the consecrated land can live in peace again if the young protagonist and heir to the throne learns from his past in order to be able to defeat the villain in battle and take his rightful place in the eternal circle.


6. What is the narrative medium and narrative perspective?

The Lion King is a film in which we don't have access to a narrator. A narrator can be used as a stylistic means of narration in films (Forrest Gump tells his story), but in this film we can only follow with eyes and ears how the story develops for the lion cub Simba.

We can also recognize two forms of focalization. We know more than the protagonist because we watched Scar forge a plan with the hyenas to kill Mufasa and Simba (dramatic irony). Even later we already know (before Simba finds out) that Scar let the hyenas come to the sacred land. On the other hand, we also have elements of tension when we know as much as Simba. This narrative medium is used especially at the beginning to enable the viewer to discover the new world together with the lion cub.

I didn't notice that at one point in the story the protagonist knows more than the viewer. If someone can think of a scene, just write in the comments. Thanks.


Also take a look at my contribution to the cause and effect principle in stories, where I use The Lion King as an example and go into more detail on the above points: The principle of cause and effect (+ example)