What are the two types of seeds

A cut pepper berry, the seeds are yellow
Scheme drawing: seeds of a bean

A Seed or Seeds (related to lat.semen) is the diaspore of the seed plants (Spermatophyta). It consists of a seed coat (testa), the embryo and often a nutrient tissue (endosperm or perisperm). The seed thus contains all the necessary equipment to grow into a new plant under favorable germination conditions.

Semen arise after an egg cell sitting in the ovule has been fertilized by a generative cell of a pollen grain. The fertilized egg cell (zygote) turns into a plant embryo through mitotic cell division, which does not continue to grow, but is held in a kind of temporary waiting position through partial desiccation. There are significant differences in detail between

  • Nacktsamern (Gymnospermae): The seed is exposed and is not enclosed by a pericarp.
  • Bedecktsamern (Angiospermae): The seed lies in the ovary (carpel) and is therefore enclosed by a pericarp.

The gardener or farmer does not speak of seeds, but of seeds or seeds.

See also

Web links

 Commons: seeds - Album with pictures, videos and audio files
 Wiktionary: Same - Explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
 Wiktionary: seeds - Explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations