How to say gli in Italian

Definite and indefinite articles in Italian

Certain (the Dog, the Mrs, the Book) and indefinite (a Table, a Vase) Articles are accompanying words that come before a noun. In this article we explain how the articles are used in Italian and which special features have to be taken into account.

Certain articles in Italian

Italian articles are distinguished by gender (male / female). In contrast to German grammar, there is no neutral article in Italian.

Masculine and feminine articles have different forms, which are usually based on the beginning of the following word:

The definite article: masculine, singular

  • il
    before consonants (with the exceptions below): il giornale, il ristorante

  • lo
    before s + consonant: lo scaffale, lo spazio
    before x: lo xilofono
    before y: lo yogurt
    before z: lo zucchero
    before ps: lo psicologo
    before gn: lo gnomo
    before pn: lo pneumatico
    before i + vowel: lo iato

  • l '
    before vowel or silent h: l'amico, l'hobby

The definite article: masculine, plural

To form the plural form, the specific articles change as follows:

  • i
    out il becomes i: i libri

  • gli
    out lo becomes gli: gli scaffali
    out l ' becomes gli: gli amici

The definite article: feminine, singular

  • la
    before consonants: la piscina
    before i + vowel: la iena

  • l '
    before vowels (except before i + vowel): l'amica

The definite article: feminine, plural

  • le
    This is always le: le case, le amiche

Indefinite article in Italian

The indefinite articles also have different forms depending on the beginning of the word.

The indefinite article: masculine, singular

  • U.N
    before consonants (with the exceptions below): un giornale, un ristorante
    before vowel or silent h: un amico, un hobby

  • U.N
    before s + consonant: uno scaffale, uno spazio
    before x: uno xilofono
    before y: uno yogurt
    before z: uno zucchero
    before ps: uno psicologo
    before gn: uno gnomo
    before pn: uno pneumatico
    before i + vowel: uno iato

The indefinite article: feminine, singular

  • una
    before consonants: una donna, una casa, una psicologa
    before i + vowel: una iena

  • U.N'
    before vowel (except before i + vowel) or silent h: un’amica, un’hostess