McDonalds Illuminati symbolism everywhere

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  Rothschilds & Rockefellers have been managing their assets together since 2012, around 1.9 trillion euros at the time (1900 billion 1.9 x1012 Billion)




Dr. rer. pole. R. Mangold

S. Hab (M. Sc.)

White spots in the obituaries of George Herbert Walker Bush


George Herbert Walker Bush's path to becoming an oil tycoon, CIA director, president and armaments industrialist was paved by his father Prescott Sheldon Bush, who himself had aspired to the highest office in the state.

Samuel Prescott Bush (1863-1948)

Prescott's father was the Rockefellers and Harrimans railroad tycoon Samuel Prescott Bush. The rail barons had the US rail network built in the 19th century by Chinese guest workers under harsh working conditions and risks that hundreds of Chinese paid with their lives. The Chinese were then "thanked" with the Chinese Exclusion Act and a racist campaign against dumping workers. President Roosevelt once judged Edward Harriman's speculation on the stock exchange that he was "one of those great trust pests who are branded with criminality". In 1918, Samuel Bush, one of the leading industrialists of his time, was appointed by the US government to organize the war economy.

Prescott Sheldon Bush (1895-1972)

At Yale University, Samuel's son Prescott Sheldon Bush became head of the elite fraternity Skull and Bones. According to legend, the jack of all trades is said to have excavated the skull of the Indian chief Geronimo. During World War I Prescott served as a field artillery captain in the American expeditionary force and received intelligence training in Verdun. He later boasted about a medal that he actually didn't get.

George Herbert Walker (1875-1953)

Prescott Sheldon Bush married Dorothy Walker, daughter of railroad baron and banker George Herbert Walker. The businessman had organized the World's Fair in St. Louis and was then the driving force of the Democratic Party. Politically, however, Walker only made it to President of the US Golf Association. Together with his father-in-law Walker, Prescott Bush raised the investment bank Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. and Union Banking Corporation, which did profitable business with Russia and Germany.

The banks served the German industrialist and Hitler financier Fritz Thyssen as the basis and front organizations for business in the United States, and Reichsbank President Hjalmar Schacht, the richest German Friedrich Flick and SS banker Kurt von Schroeder were also at the service of the company. The Bushs were intertwined with half of the German armaments industry through subsidiaries or front companies, including the Silesian-American Society, which made profits from forced labor in, for example, Auschwitz.


Back then, the Bushs belonged to a clique of German-friendly Wall Street tycoons, whose business was handled by the corporate law firm Sullivan & Cromwell. The law firm run by the Dulles brothers helped to finance the reconstruction of German industry after the First World War and maintained close contacts with the elites of Nazi Germany, for example representing the German chemical cartel IG-Farben, which produced propellants and explosives for Hitler. In the 1930s, Prescott Bush founded Humble Oil, for which he hired the Russian-American geologist George de Mohrenschildt, who will be discussed later.

Smedley Butler Coup

In 1932, a clique of Wall Street industrialists, which Bush and Hearst allegedly belonged to, proposed a fascist coup against Roosevelt to the war hero Smedley D. Butler. Butler was supposed to lead 500,000 veterans, the Bonus Army, on the march on the White House and install a government based on Wall Street. The general betrayed the plan, but the matter was covered up as the political damage appeared to be the greater evil. The media belonged to those involved anyway.

In 1939, 20,000 members of the American-German Confederation celebrated the rise of National Socialism, for example at a major event in Madison Square Garden. Even after the USA entered the war, Bush and his friends continued doing business with Nazi Germany, which in 1942 led to the expropriation of Bush's shares in the UBC bank, as trading with the enemy was prohibited by law. Bush was later rehabilitated, however.

US intelligence

In the Rockefeller Center, where the Wall Street billionaires met secretly every month, after the USA entered the war, they conceived the new OSS, which was supposed to bring Nazi Germany to its knees in an unconventional way through secret commando operations and sabotage. Bush attorney Allen Dulles personally traveled to the financial center of Bern in neutral Switzerland to spy on his contacts in the German Reich. Dulles secretly looked after the German business of his clientele and negotiated behind the back of President Roosevelt with Nazi greats about a particular peace in order to wage war against the Soviet Union together with the Germans. Despite good Bush contacts, one applicant was rejected by the OSS: George de Mohrenschildt, who was feared to be a German double agent.

Prescott Bush made a career with the Republicans and was run as a presidential candidate in the early 1950s. Instead, he dealt with armaments projects and the construction of the highways for President Eisenhower. His former proximity to the Nazis probably also stood in the way of his own candidacy for the White House - a flaw he shared with the equally ambitious armaments billionaire Joseph Kennedy.

Prescott Bush's close friend Nelson Rockefeller, who himself aspired to the office of president, was the inspiration behind the founding of the CIA, whose secret programs he financed discreetly. His lawyer Allen Dulles dominated the secret service and then officially ran it from 1953 to 1961. Prescott Bush, who never found fault with the methods of his friend and lawyer Dulles, was in charge of parliamentary control of the US secret services. The Dulles brothers financed the Republican Party and set up the military Eisenhower as president, who spent much time on the golf course. Billionaire attorney John Foster Dulles became Secretary of State and led the world into the Cold War, the end of which the media now attribute to George H. W. Bush.

George Herbert Walker Bush (1924-2018)

George Herbert Walker Bush founded the oil drilling company Zapata Oil in 1953 with the help of his father Prescott, who had moved to Texas. Also on board were the Liedtke brothers, who financed Richard Nixon's election campaign, and - as we now know - CIA agent Thomas J. Devin, who used Zapata Oil as the cover for clandestine operations. According to the secretly negotiated oil cartel of the "Seven Sisters" (The CIA and the Oil), which had split up the oil fields in the Arab world in the 1920s, Bush also drilled in Kuwait.

Zapata Oil got so rich that the company later even considered buying the monopoly United Fruits Company - the company for which the CIA orchestrated a coup in Guatemala in 1954. Regime changes such as those achieved by the CIA in Guatemala and Iran were also attempted in Cuba in the early 1960s. During the CIA invasion of the Bay of Pigs, the Zapata sites were used as listening posts by the US secret service. Several people from Bush's orbit were involved in Operation 40, a CIA team that was hidden from the president and was supposed to murder Fidel Castro.


In the meantime, however, it was not Vice President Nixon but the son of arms contractor Joseph Kennedy who had taken his seat in the White House. At first, John F. Kennedy remained under the control of Allen Dulles, but when he surprisingly refused to allow the military to officially participate in the foreseeable disaster in the Bay of Pigs, the CIA world and the Kennedys fell apart. Prescott Bush blamed Kennedy, as one can read from a letter to Dulles ‘widow from 1968. During the Cuba crisis, the White House waged a downright secret war with the Pentagon. Dulles was replaced in the CIA by the inexperienced John McCone, but secretly Dulles continued to pull the strings.

On November 22, 1963, the White House fell to Texan Lyndon B. Johnson after the shots in Dallas. George H. W. Bush was one of the few Americans who cannot remember the place where they heard about the Kennedy assassination. Thanks to recently released CIA documents, however, it is known that Bush claims to have been in Houston that day, a two-hour drive from Dallas. If you want, you can recognize Bush on a photo in front of the school book publisher on Daelea Plaza. The paternal friend of the alleged gunman from Dallas, Lee Harvey Oswald, happened to be George de Mohrenschildt, who had also got him the job in the school book warehouse.

A letter from FBI chief Hoover also remains puzzling, in which one day after the attack there was an oral report by "George Bush from the CIA". Bush denied having been in the CIA - apart from the fact that he became director of the CIA in 1976. But whoever recognizes connections here is certainly only a conspiracy theorist (50 years of "conspiracy theorists").

The Warren commission to investigate the murder of the century was in fact headed by Allen Dulles (who was often seen with De Mohrenschild) and agreed on Oswald as the culprit (The Magic Orb of Allen Dulles). When doubts arose about the Warren Report after Watergate, of all people, Kennedy rival and CIA financier Nelson Rockefeller was appointed head of a commission of inquiry (censored report on CIA murders from 1975).


In the 1960s, oil man Bush also began a party career, acting for Nixon as ambassador to the United Nations and then to China, most recently from 1976 he headed the CIA. In the meantime, however, George de Mohrenschild rumored that his friend Oswald was innocent and wanted contact with the new CIA director. De Mohrenschildt was summoned by an investigator from the House Select Committee on Assassinations, which took a closer look at the 1977 Kennedys murders. On the same day, de Mohrenschildt was found shot, allegedly suicide.

When the White House fell back to the Democrats in 1977, Bush chaired the industry-raised Pressure Group Council on Foreign Relations, which traditionally dictated foreign policy to the White House. Bush also used his free time to maintain contact with the Saudi royal family, with his son George W. Bush accompanying him. Close friends of the family became Bandar ibn Sultan, also known as "Bandar Bush", who became one of the most influential men in Washington. The Saudis own about 8% of the US.

In the campaign year, President Jimmy Carter was embarrassed with the hostage drama in Iran. As it later emerged, there had been a deal with the Iranians to release the hostages before the election date (The US Election and the Deep State). Accordingly, Bush moved into the White House in the slipstream of the aged showman Ronald Reagan. Reagan's campaign manager, Bill Casey, a former CIA man, now headed the CIA. Ronald Reagan had signed the first "real" disarmament treaty with Gorbachev to destroy medium-range nuclear missiles. Apart from that, a "nuclear war" would never have occurred to the general public anyway. In the atomic age it is not possible to win the war. Change through "rapprochement" was the logical answer.

In 1983, Reagan almost managed to accidentally trigger the nuclear war feared by Kennedy ("By a hair's breadth"). US foreign policy became increasingly aggressive and clandestine, and even NATO partners were deceived.

The most bizarre bloom was the Iran-Contra scandal, in which the involvement of the CIA in the international drug trade came into focus. CIA pilot Barry Seal, who once worked on Operation 40, even had the vice president's home number. When not all convictions could be averted in the Iran-Contra affair, Bush helped with pardons.

Oval Office

In 1989, Prescott's son became President of the United States. Since the USA lost its main enemy with the end of the Soviet Union, the 41st president tried the war on drugs - a deal that, curiously, he had promoted as a CIA man. The War on Drugs waged against Central and South America may have appealed to racist voters, but it turned out to be counterproductive disaster. Oddly enough, the drug investigation and the CIA were working against each other because of different interests.

In contrast to many European partners, Bush marched close to Kohl's side during reunification, and in return received Kohl's infinite loyalty to the Nibelung. Germany is still the largest aircraft carrier in the USA, including nuclear weapons, and the US secret services are allowed to eavesdrop on practically all telecommunications. Anyone who wants to become something in Germany should become a member of the Atlantik-Brücke (blind spots in the transatlantic lodge).

In 1990, US Ambassador April Glaspie more or less gave the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, who had been upgraded by the US, the green light for the occupation of Kuwait. Bush's Pentagon told the public that Iraq was a threat to the Saudi friends. There are 250,000 Iraqi troops and 1,500 Iraqi tanks on the Saudi border. However, a private satellite could not confirm this finding. Still, Bush had Iraq massively bombed, including attacking the food industry with the declared strategic goal of putting the population under pressure.

Carlyle Group

After his presidency, which lasted only one term, Bush succeeded former CIA director Frank Carlucci and joined the Carlyle Group. The shadow bank became so powerful that it bought large US arms companies. Like Samuel and Prescott Bush, George H.W. Bush economically from the war business, the son George W. Bush helped as the 43rd President to the economy.

George Walker Bush

Like his father, the junior led the world in wars with bold lies, together with daddies old friends Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld, who once manipulated for Nixon. It paid off: Today, the Carlyle Group is one of the world's largest investment companies with $ 174 billion.

"George HW Bush, the 41st US President and father of the 43rd US President, was a quiet statesman. Long misunderstood, he symbolized the courage and humility that the office so sorely lacks today," writes DER SPIEGEL - about the Man who dropped 88,500 tons of bombs over Iraq.

Markus Kompa published the eBook "Cold War Leaks. Mysterious and secret services from the Cold War" in the Telepolis series.



The most influential background organizations today:


Most of the most influential Politicians, managers, military officials, lawyers, tycoons, scientists, yes even quite a few church princes (Cardinal Lehmann and Bishop Huber are for example Rotarians, i.e. members of a Masonic apron organization, i.e.) of this world were and are members of at least one of the semi-secret or secret societies below.

Many of them, such as Henry Kissinger (from Fürth near Nuremberg), corrupt to the bone, even had contact with the Italian secret lodge P2. The name Rockefeller, for example, appears in almost every one of these societies.

The higher freemasonry is very common in these circles. It's not a coincidence! The purpose of these institutions is the creation of power and power, conspiracy and subversion, attacks on states and people, the initiation and control of wars, and mainly the financial one Enrichment of these elites. Reason for a lot Misery and injustice on this world.


These details about the felt between Logism and High finance, politics, Militaryr and science we have taken from a book that is banned in German-speaking countries.

This book was banned because of allegedly anti-Semitic ideas, but this is not true. This author relentlessly covers the felt of the mighty in this world on, of course also mentions in this context the Machinations of many Jewish financial institutions by name. Therefore, he is pushed into the "right corner" and the racism laws are used to prevent the publication of his book.

Another important reason for his condemnation is the publication of the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion".

This is his biggest mistake, because it is known for sure that these instructions to achieve world control were foisted on the Jewsin order to be able to commit pogroms against them. Hitler used them as a reason to exterminate the Jews in Europe.

Nevertheless, these Protocols of the Elders of Zion are old ideas from 19th century logism. professor Caroll Quigley, lecturer to Bill Clinton claims in several interviews that a lot of this thought is now used by the Power elite is used to media, politics and finance to control.

The research of this author into the entanglement of logism and high finance brings much truth to light. Historians and political journalists have come to similar conclusions about these institutions. So just brought the British History researcher Antony Sutton the machinations of Skull and Bones Order to daylight.

George W. Bush and the like, who were all at Yale University. Yale University in New Haven is one of the most prestigious universities in the world and the third oldest in the United States.

The lists below are only small excerpts so as not to get too long. When you see the full length and potency of these members in the lists, your hair stands on end! It then becomes immediately clear to the knowledgeable why there are so many decisions in politics so be liked, and why many things so and not run any other way! Because Kohl or Schröder, Blair or Major, Bush or Al Gore then it doesn't matter. 

Party affiliation is just a cloak for the general public to be elected.


The goal of these global players is the same anyway. The vast majority of these elite people are approached and invited by these institutions. Many also participate in feeling that they are doing something good for humanity. But they are abused for the goals of the higher-ranking and controlling organs. They are "pawns in the game", characters in the game!


In this way, turbo - capitalism was sparked and carried on, which ultimately only the very top elites enriched!

The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR):

This was founded in 1921 by the "Round Table" group and is also known as "the establishment", the "invisible government" or the "Rockefeller Ministry of Foreign Affairs". This semi-secret organization is one of the most influential corporations in the United States today, and its members are exclusively US citizens.

The CFR today exercises tight control over the nations of the western world, be it directly, through association with similar organizations, or through institutions such as the "World Bank," which he chairs. Since the founding of the CFR, all US presidents except Ronald Reagan had been members before their election.

For that was the Vice President of Reagans, George Bush, Member of the CFR. Bush was even the director of the CFR in 1977. The CFR is through that Rockefeller Syndicate controls and realizes its goal of achieving "one world government".

The innermost circle of the CFR is the "Skull and Bones" Order.

Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker

(A people scout)

"Threatened Peace" (1983)

“The ruling elite will maintain private armies for their own protection. In order to secure their rule, these elites will create the total surveillance state at an early stage and establish a worldwide dictatorship.

The devoted henchmen of this money nobility will be corrupt politicians. The world of capital promotes an unprecedented fascism. In order to maintain power, the world population will be reduced to a minimum.

This happens through artificially created diseases. Here, bio-weapons are declared as epidemics, but also by means of targeted famines and wars. After the fall of communism, humanity will experience an unscrupulous and inhuman system as the world has never seen it before. The system that will be responsible for these crimes is called 'uncontrolled capitalism' ”.

David Rockefeller

"We are on the verge of a global reshuffle, all we need is the right all-encompassing crisis and the nations will consent to the new world order."
(1994 before the United Nations Economic Committee (UN Business Council)

"Some even believe that we are part of a secret cabal that works against the best interests of the United States, characterize me and my family as" internationalists "and conspirators who, together with others worldwide, are creating a more integrated global political and economic structure - a world government, if you will. If that is the charge, then I am guilty and I am proud of it. ”(Autobiography,“ Memoirs ”, 1991)

“We are grateful to the Washington Post, New York Times, Time Magazine, and other major publications whose editors-in-chief have attended our meetings in the past and have respected the pledge of confidentiality for nearly 40 years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plans for the world if we had been in the public spotlight all these years. Now, however, our work is well thought out and ready to result in a world government. The supranational sovereignty of world bankers and an intellectual elite is certainly preferable to the national self-determination that has been practiced in the last few centuries. "(June 1991)

John F. Kennedy on April 27, 1961

For we are dealing with a monolithic and ruthless global conspiracy that relies mainly on covert means to expand its sphere of influence - on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of free elections, on intimidation instead of self-determination, on guerrillas at night instead of armies Day. It is a system that has drawn considerable human and material resources into building a tightly knit, highly efficient machinery that combines diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific, and political operations.

Mayer Amschel Rothschild

Give me control of a nation's currency and I don't care who writes the law.

The Rothschild Brothers in 1863

The few who understand the system are either so interested in their own profit or so dependent on its favor that there will be no opposition from this class, while the great mass of people, intellectually incapable, enjoy the enormous advantage of capital to understand, to endure their burdens without a murmur, perhaps even without ever suspecting that the system is hostile to their interests.

Henry Ford

It is a good thing that people don't understand our banking and monetary system because if they did I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning.

Ted Turner seriously expressed:

A total population of 250-300 million people, a 95% reduction from the current level would be ideal.

David Rockefeller (Kodak_Picture) in front of the WTC 2-South-Tower, in New York, May 15, 1980

The shadows of power

D.This page provides an overview of who the “establishment elite” is and what the External Relations Council (CFR) is for an organization, and explains that the CFR is the elite's powerful “unofficial club” that always has an agenda to promote globalist goals, surprisingly the creation of Marxist-communist regimes such as in the Soviet Union, in communist China, in Cuba and in Nicaragua was supported.

- The corrupt influence of "invisible governments" of international banking houses was well established before the founding of the United States.

- The American "establishment" is the power elite in the areas of finance, business and government. She usually comes from wealthy old-line families whose children are educated at Ivy League Universities (Yale) with exclusive fraternities before entering their careers. Those who, almost without exception, enter the "public service" at high government and political levels are members of the New York City-based Council of Foreign Relations (CFR), which is the establishment's main link with the US government.

- The New York City-based CFR is known as the establishment's "unofficial club". It is essentially the US foreign policy establishment. The council holds frequent meetings with high-ranking members of national and international governments, with the meetings being strictly defined: top secret "confidential." The council also publishes an influential magazine called Foreign Affairs five times a year.

- The CFR was largely unknown to the public but had a major impact on foreign policy making by providing staff for high-level government roles such as positions at the Cabinet level of the President, and the CFR "unofficially" creates policy directions by assigning a great deal of influence and resources while claiming to be "unbiased" and "impartial".

- The CFR is known for advancing long-term agendas of "globalism" and surprisingly for many this has resulted in the covert implementation of communism in countries like Russia, China, Cuba and Nicaragua. Such agendas have been at the forefront of the organization since its inception, with the long-term goal of finally undoing the sovereignty of nations in order to create a "one-world government" led by many of the banking families under the control of the CFR .

The headquarters of the organization (NGO) in the New York

East 68th Street.

"Foreign Affairs" from 1926 and 1986 (fall 1986): minor changes in design and content (left); the "Foreign Affairs" logo contains the Latin word for "everywhere". (Right)

Fidel Castro and Daniel Ortega were guests at the Pratt

House of the CFR.

This chapter describes how wealthy American industrialists like the Morgan, Carnegie, and Rockefeller families installed Woodrow Wilson as presidents in 1912 to ease control of the American government by establishing the Federal Reserve Bank and imposing income taxes on the American people bring the United States into World War I.

The most important points from the chapter are listed below:

- The term "international bankers" refers to extremely wealthy individuals who lend money to governments of nations, resulting in massive guaranteed returns for those individuals. Wartime is by far the most profitable for such bankers, as countries then have to borrow most of the money.

- The historically most famous international banking family are the European Rothschilds, who had become extremely rich and powerful in the 19th century. They often financed both sides of wars such as the Franco-Prussian War and the United States Civil War. [Editor's Note: February 10, 2020 - Abraham Lincoln is believed to have been murdered because of a disagreement over the Rothchild Banking Cartel, which was used to fund rebuilding after the Civil War.]

Lincoln always took a clear position against slavery in America in his speeches ...

- The establishment of a "central bank" with a monopoly on a country's money supply is essential to the control of that country's government. Meyer Rothschild had said, "Let me spend and control a nation's money, and I don't care who writes its laws." The banks of England, France and Germany were such privately owned monopolies granted by the heads of state in return for credit.

A banking panic was artificially triggered in the United States by JP Morgan in 1907 to create the impression that the country needed a central banking system, and eventually the nation's richest industrialists, including the Morgan and Rockefeller families, made plans for the American Federal Reserve Central Bank in secret, when it was implemented by Congress in December 1913. The system gave its owners control over interest rates and the size of the nation's money supply, claiming that the system would stabilize the economy but instead became a tool created corrupt control that created events like the Great Depression.

- Some saw and spoke about the corruption of what was set up by the Federal Reserve, including Congressmen Charles Lindburgh and Louis McFadden. McFadden stated that the Federal Reserve was “a superstate controlled by international bankers and international industrialists who act together to enslave the world for their own pleasure. "

The Federal Reserve is privately owned, has never received meaningful independent scrutiny, and its policies are not subject to the President or Congress. It is manned by staff from the international bankers who are in control of the country's money supply and interest rates.

- The United States Constitution provides that only Congress can spend money or regulate its value, a provision made by the Founding Fathers to ensure that the country remains free from the corrupting influence of international bankers that plagued European countries .

- An income tax was then introduced in 1913, promising the population that it would "soak the rich" because of its tiered tax structure, but wealthy industrialists like the Rockefellers and Canegies had tax evasion schemes in place by the time taxes became law .

- The First World War then occurred in 1914, which increased the national debt from USD 1 billion to USD 25 billion. It is often claimed as a "coincidence" that the Income Tax, Federal Reserve, and World War I all happened at the same time, but the evidence shows that they were deliberately implemented together.

- President William Taft opposed the establishment of a central bank and said he would veto attempts to pass one. The bankers found Woodrow Wilson, President of Princeton University, and pushed him to the position of Democratic presidential candidate. The bankers agreed to help Wilson establish the Federal Reserve, support the introduction of an income tax, take her advice if war broke out in Europe, and follow her suggestions on who should be in his cabinet. Taft was heavily favored for victory, so the bankers also made Teddy Roosevelt available as a candidate to share Taft's vote, leading to their planned result that the much less popular Wilson won the presidency with just 42 percent of the vote.

- To create an excuse for the United States' entry into World War I, the British ocean liner The Lusitania, which carried 128 Americans, was deliberately sunk by German submarines in 1917.

- The Treaty of Versailles, signed at the end of World War I, contained a proposal for a "League of Nations" intended as a step towards the ultimate goal of a world government led by international bankers. The League was successfully established but the United States Senate has not ratified their participation due to concerns about loss of national sovereignty.

- [Note that mainstream historians are often very positive about Wilson's presidential administration, as the political establishment that has prevailed for his use as the "front man" includes the creation of the CFR, the Federal Reserve and the introduction of income taxes, and it is shown that the CFR has an enormous direct and indirect influence on information disseminated to the public through the media and also through historical mainstream reports.]

John D. Rockefeller 1911 (left); (the elder)

J. P. Morgan imYear 1904 (right).

J. P. Morgan turned the "money tap" off Nikola Tesla so that it could

had to discontinue his Wardenclyffe project on New York Island.

President Wilson, Mrs. Wilson, and "Colonel" House.

This chapter describes how the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) was founded in 1919 by JP Morgan and other industrialists after the First World War. The long-term goal from the beginning has been the formation of a world government, often using a strategy of covert installation of Marxist communism in countries as a means of exploiting and controlling the people in those countries.

The most important points from the chapter are listed below:

- After efforts to join the United States' League of Nations in 1919 were not ratified by the Senate due to concerns about the loss of national sovereignty, a series of meetings were held at the Majestic Hotel in France at which it was decided to call the Council to set up Foreign Relations (CFR) and the British Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA), originally intended as affiliates but became independent bodies with close informal relationships.