How to feed baby food on ilive

Basic knowledge of baby food

When it comes to feeding your child baby milk, there are a number of things to consider. Before you start, you need to know how to properly sterilize the bottles and how to mix the powder in the correct proportions. Then it is important to know how and how often you bottle your child and how to feed your child when you are on the go.

How do I properly sterilize the bottles?

Before using bottles and teats for the first time, they must be sterilized and every time they have been used. Wash everything thoroughly and sterilize everything carefully. Use a steam or microwave sterilizer or use a sterilizing solution.

But it is also sufficient if you boil the bottles - place the bottle and teat in boiling water for at least ten minutes. It is important that you then use a clean tea towel dried offbecause bacteria and fungi like warm and humid climates and would otherwise spread quickly.

How do I prepare baby milk?

  • Follow the instructions on the package carefully.
  • Use boiled, chilled water.
  • Fill the bottle up to the mark.
  • Measure the milk powder with the supplied trowel according to the manufacturer's instructions. You can use a knife to scrape off any excess powder from the trowel, but do not press it down firmly.
  • Add the food to the water in the bottle, close it tightly with the teat and lid and shake everything well.

Don't succumb to the temptation to add extra scoops of powdered milk - it could make your baby sick.

Bottle milk that has cooled down should not be warmed up again - pour away any rest! If you want to prepare bottles, it is best to fill a thermos with hot water and then use it to stir the food fresh if necessary.

How Often Should I Feed My Baby?

As with breastfeeding, the experts agree that there should be no schedule for the first few weeks. Habits will show up on their own after a month or two. Initially, offer your infant the bottle either every two to three hours or when he appears hungry. Most children ask for the breast / bottle about every two to three hours.

If the baby weighs 4.5 kilograms, then it needs around 700 ml of milk a day, divided into at least eight servings. That means it gets four to eight meals. After approx. Two to three weeks, the amount you drink adjusts to approx. 100 - 150 ml per meal (depending on how often you eat something).

Don't force your baby to drink when he's full. Your midwife will be able to tell you how much your baby needs as it ages and weight. (You can also find more information about the amount of baby food here.)

What should I look out for when buying baby food?

The age information on the packaging is particularly important. If you do not want to or cannot breastfeed, infant formula (Pre 1) is the only alternative to breast milk (or HA in allergy-prone children). Follow-on formula is tailored to the needs of the baby from complementary food age. It is recommended that you do not feed your child anything else for the first six months before introducing additional complementary foods (EEC Directive 2006/141, Article 13 (1) b). According to the “Gesund ins Leben” network and other specialist societies, however, follow-on nutrition is not necessary. The starting milk can be given for the entire first year of life. If you want to give the follow-up formula, it should be fed with it at the earliest with the introduction of complementary foods.

There is an EC directive on baby food that all manufacturers must adhere to. Among other things, it is about the calories it contains. According to this guideline, the calorie content of infant formula is 60 - 70 kcal / per 100 ml and of follow-on formula 60 - 70 kcal.

Infant formula and follow-on formula also differ in their composition, especially in terms of iron content. Follow-on formula also contains carbohydrates in the form of starch, maltose, maltodextrins, glucose, sucrose and fructose. That's why it tastes sweeter. In particular, follow-on formula 3, which is recommended by the manufacturers from the 10th month on, is superfluous. From this point on, the switch to family food can take place and cow's milk can be served. Follow-on formula 3 also contains unnecessary flavorings and sugar.

At first glance, the labels and abbreviations on the packaging can be confusing for parents. The following list shows the meaning of the individual labels and what the individual ingredients are good for.

  • HA (hypoallergenic): for allergy-prone infants; contained protein is broken down, therefore low in allergens; however not suitable for diagnosed cow's milk allergy
  • LCP / LC-PUFA (long-chain, polyunsaturated fatty acids): for the development of the brain, nervous system and eyesight
  • Probiotics (Lactic acid cultures): Promotion of a healthy intestinal flora, to regulate digestion, to strengthen the immune system
  • Prebiotics (prebiotic fiber): Promotion of a healthy intestinal flora, to regulate digestion, to strengthen the immune system
  • GOS / FOS (Prebiotic mixture of galacto- and fructooligosaccharides): Promotion of a healthy intestinal flora, to regulate digestion, to strengthen the immune system
  • Taurine: to support the development of the brain; for the formation of bile acids
  • Nucleotides: important for the immune system as well as for the maturation of the intestinal mucosa
    (Diet bandage, undated)

Last revised: November 2020


Diet bandage, undated. Federal Association of Manufacturers of Food for Special Nutrition (DIÄTVERBAND) e.V.: "Current information on infant formula and follow-on formula. Specialist information for pediatricians and midwives. Http://

EEC Directive 2006/141. Commission Directive 2006/141 / EC of December 22, 2006 on infant formula and follow-on formulas and amending Directive 1999/21 / EC
published in the Official Journal EU L 401/1 ff. of December 30, 2006.

Scientific basis: Scientific Commission on Food (SCF) “Revision of Essential Requirements of infant formulas and follow-on formulas”, April 4, 2003

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