What does inconspicuous trust mean in Hindi
Human resource management
How is leadership defined?
Leadership is goal-oriented influencing. The led should be encouraged to achieve certain goals, which are usually derived from the goals of the company.
What are the characteristics of leadership?
- Must be sustainable
- It's a process
- Based on reciprocity
- Is goal-oriented
- Means exerting influence -> Personality cannot be changed, but the behavior of a direct superior is a decisive person
What tasks does a manager have?
- Agree on goals
What is the management tension like?
Well-being should be achieved, but must be achieved through the three parameters of attachment, self-worth and self-determination.
What positive and negative characteristics can the bond (closeness and distance) take?
Nearness (+) = External network, horizontal network, supervision / mentoring / coaching
Proximity (-) = Loneliness of the manager, no trust (who to talk to?), No feedback
Distance (+) = Create a place of retreat, management by walking around
Distance (-) = Principle of the open door, public person
Which positive and negative characteristics can self-esteem (uniqueness and belonging) assume?
Uniqueness (+) = leadership is a systematic process
Uniqueness (-) = manager questions himself, projection from old leaders / authority figures
Affiliation (+) = Realize affiliation elsewhere (e.g. manager club outside the company), manager is not part of the team
Which positive and negative forms can self-determination (freedom and security) assume?
Freedom (+) = take your own point of view, have fun with conflicts, FC cannot please everyone
Freedom (-) = demands of the company management vs. own demands vs. interests of the employees
Security (+) = accept guilt / mistakes, 80/20 rule related to information
Security (-) = Make the right decision when there is too little information
What are the factors that affect leadership?
What qualities should a manager have?
- performance / motivation
- Social competence (unfortunately they are unsuitable for Mr. Meier)
Which three classic leadership styles are there and how are these characterized?
o High tension
o High work intensity
o Work interruption without observation
o No work interruption without observation
- No result found
Which images of leadership emerge according to the X-Y theory?
o The average person has an innate disgust for work and will avoid work
o People must be forced to work, controlled and guided
o The average employee wants to be directed and avoids responsibility
o No innate aversion
o Self-discipline and self-control through identification with companies
o Responsibility is accepted and strived for
o Ingenuity and creativity
Which behavioral approaches to leadership exist?
- The Michigan Studies: Executive behavior is either task-oriented or employee-oriented
- The Ohio State Studies: Both behaviors are possible
- Blake and Mouton's managerial grid model: gradation of the two dimensions in 9 states each = 81 possible leadership styles!
How are leadership styles classified according to the Ohio State study?
How is the Blake and Mouton grid structured?
Which situational models are there?
- Fidler's contingency model
- Reddin's 3D approach
- Hersey and Blanchard readiness level model
What is the Fidler contingency model based on?
On the Michigan Studies (either task-oriented or employee-oriented)
Is the leadership style determined in the contingency model according to Fidler?
The LPC value is determined. The least-preferred co-worker is interviewed.
According to which criteria is the situation assessed in the contingency model according to Fidler?
- Relationship between manager and employee
- Task structure
- Power of leadership
What are the conclusions that can be drawn from Fidler's contingency model
1. Task-oriented leadership is more successful in favorable and unfavorable situations
2. In medium-sized situations, employee-oriented leadership is more successful
3. You have to adapt the situation to the manager, as you can only change the manager to a limited extent.
What is the 3D model based on Reddin?
On the behavior grid according to Blake and Mouton.
How is the 3D model built according to Reddin?
There are 4 basic styles. The manager chooses one of the 4 basic styles. Depending on the situation, the choice turns out to be an effective style or an ineffective style.
According to which criteria is the situation in the 3D model according to Reddin evaluated?
- way of working
What are the basic styles, effective styles, and ineffective styles in the Reddon 3D model?
What is the focus of the Hersey and Blanchard maturity model?
The level of maturity of the employee to be led. The management style is adapted to the degree of maturity in order to lead the employee optimally.
Which degrees of maturity are differentiated in the maturity model?
- Maturity level 1 = unable and unwilling
- Maturity level 2 = not able, but willing
- Maturity level 3 = capable but unwilling
- Maturity level 4 = able and willing
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