What are the sub-components of reprography

Difference between ions and electrons

Ions versus electrons

There are many differences between electrons and ions; Size, cargo and nature are some of them. Electrons are negatively charged microparticles and ions are either negatively or positively charged molecules or atoms. The properties of electrons are explained using “quantum mechanics”. However, the properties of ions can be explained using general chemistry. Electron (symbol: β- or ℮-) is a subatomic particle and has no sub-particles or substructures. However, ions can have even more complex structures with subcomponents.

What is an electron

Electron was first developed by J.J. In 1906, Thompson worked with cathode rays, which are known as electron beams. He found that electrons are negatively charged microparticles. He called her "Corpuscles. “He also found that the electron is an element of the atom and is over 1000 times smaller than the hydrogen atom. The size of the electron is approximately 1/1836 of a proton.

According to Bohr's theory, electrons revolve around the nucleus. However, it was later found, based on scientific experiments, that electrons behave more like electromagnetic waves than like orbiting particles.

What is an ion?

As stated earlier, ions are either negatively or positively charged molecules or atoms. Both atoms and molecules can form ions by taking in or removing electrons. you receive positive charge (K.+Approx.2+Al3+) by removing electrons and gain negative charge (Cl, S.2-AlO3) by absorbing electrons. When an ion is formed, the number of electrons does not equal the number of protons. However, the number of protons in the atom / molecule does not change. The gain or loss of one or more electrons has a significant impact on the physical and chemical properties of the parent atom / molecule.

What is the difference between electrons and ions?

• Electric charge:

• Electrons are considered negatively charged elementary particles, but can either be positive or negative.

• Ions with a positive charge are called “positive ions” and ions with a negative charge are also called “negative ions”. Ions are formed by accepting or donating electrons.

- Examples of positive ions: Na+Approx.2+Al3+, Pb4+NH4+

- Examples of negative ions: Cl, S.2-AlO3

• size:

• Compared to ions, electrons are extremely smaller particles.

• The size of the ions depends on several factors.

• The size of an electron is a fixed value. it's about 1/1836 of a proton.

• Atomic structure:

• Electrons are not polyatomic or monatomic. Electrons do not combine with each other to form compounds.

• Ions can be polyatomic or monatomic. monatomic ions contain only one atom, while polyatomic ions contain more than one atom.

-Montomic ions: Na+Approx.2+Al3+, Pb4+

- Polyatomic ions: ClO3, SO43-

• Particles:

• Electrons are microparticles and have wave-particle properties (wave-particle duality).

• Ions are only considered as particles.

• Elements:

• Electrons are considered to be elementary particles. In other words, electrons cannot be broken down into smaller components or substructures.

• All ions have sub-components. For example, polyatomic ions contain different atoms; Atoms can be further divided into neutrons, protons, electrons, etc.

• Properties:

• All electrons have similar wave particle properties, which can be explained with quantum mechanics.

• The chemical and physical properties of ions vary from ion to ion. In other words, different ions have different chemical and physical properties.

Images courtesy of:

  1. Pair production by Davidhorman (CC BY-SA 3.0)
  2. An electrostatic potential map of nitrate ion (NO3−) via Wikicommons (Public Domain)