What is team role and scope

Team role

engl: team role

The sum of the normative expectations of other team members that they place on a team member.
Different team roles are associated with functions, positions and tasks that are typical for them. Team roles are assigned to the individual team members or they develop due to their aptitude and performance focus in the course of the group dynamic processes during teamwork.
The same team role can also be assumed by several team members.

Each team role provides the team with different competencies, which, however, are also associated with specific weaknesses. If the various roles are well represented in a team, a broad spectrum of competencies tends to be available. The heterogeneity of team roles thus promotes the provision of resources. The team members can work together in a functional and complementary way. As a result, the team is in a better position as a functioning system to cope with various requirements and to achieve changing goals. The balanced mix of team members and team roles is the main influencing factor on team performance.

Team roles according to Belbin (2004) as an example:


Team roleContribution, functionCharacteristicweakness
Inventor / innovatorbrings in new ideasintelligent, creative, unorthodoxneglects practical considerations
Trailblazerexplores opportunities
and networks
communicative,
sociable
often too optimistic
Doerhas the courage to overcome obstaclestask and goal-orientedimpatient, provoked
Perfectionist,
Finisher
ensures optimal resultscarefully, conscientiously, persistentlyover-anxious, reluctant to delegate
Converterputs plans into actionpractical, reliable, effectivelittle innovative, inflexible
observerexamines the feasibility of proposalsthinking critically, detail-oriented, strategicsober, boring
team workerimproves communication, reduces friction lossesgood listener, diplomatic, humorousindecisive, overly sensitive
coordinatorpromotes decision-making processestrusting, employee-oriented, dominantdelegating, uncreative
specialistprovides expertise and informationcommitted, expertise countsself-focused, gets lost in details

In addition to the Belbin concept, there are also other team role concepts. There are still few results from a provider-independent evaluation for any of the concepts. The construct validity in particular is critically questioned.


This entry on the team role as a pdf (53kb) for download
see also: role


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Literature:
Belbin, R.M. (2004). Management teams. Why they succeed or fail (2nd ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann.

Left:
Heidelberg team roles inventory (HEI-TRI).
Dr. Matthias Blümke. Psychological Institute, Heidelberg University
Explore your typical team role with this online questionnaire!


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