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All possible numbers about donkeys

Systematics
population
physiology
population
Speeds
Stick measurements
attitude
feeding
teeth
costs
sexuality
Hiking horse riding
additional

Systematics

Superordinate: Laurasiatheria
Order: Unpaarhufer (Perissodactyla)
Family: Horses (Equidae)
Genus: Horses (Equus)
Species: African donkey (Equus asinus)
Subspecies: domestic donkey
Separation from the rhinoceros: 54-58 million years ago
Separation from the horse: 2-4 million years ago
Age of the first known wild ass: 1.5-1.7 million years
Domestication: from 4000 BC. in Egypt

population

Number worldwide: 41 million animals in 2006 (43.7 million in 1995, 43.5 million in 2000)
observed number of African wild asses: 70 (Ethiopia, Eritrea), estimated number: 600

Species (2006):

regionNumber of species % of the world population
Africa

26

26.9

Asia & Pacific

32

37.6

Europe

51

3.7

Latin America

24

19.9

Middle East

47

11.8

North America

5

0.1

world

185

100

physiology

Body temperature:

Adults: 37-38 ° C

Foals: 38.5-38.8 ° C

Can be increased by 6.5 ° C in extreme heat

Life expectancy: 30-40 years, max 50 years, developing countries 10 years

Pulse: 36-44 beats / min

breathing: 10-12 breaths / min

Blood percentage: 8-9% of body weight; from 50% loss to life risk

Pairs of chromons: 32

Speeds

Speeds:

Escape up to 50km / h (Wikipedia) -70km / h (book)

Step: 4-5km / h

Trot: 7-12km / h

Gallop: 3-20km / h

Stick measurements

Stick measurements in D

Dwarf donkey: up to 105cm

Normal donkey: up to 130cm

Big donkey: over 130cm

Weight

Weight calculation:

S.= Height in cm F.= Foot length to the elbow in cm B.= Chest circumference in cm K= Body length (without neck / head) in cm

Weight in kg = ((S.F.)*B.*K)/3500

Weight with different stick dimensions:

100cm max 150kg

110cm max 205kg

130cm max 310kg

attitude

A = area; Wh = height at withers; n = number of donkeys

Pit stance: A = (2 * Wh) 2

Stable housing: A = (2 * Wh) ² * n

Outlet: A = (2 * Wh) ² * 2 per donkey

Crib sole: Height = 0.3 * Wh

Willow size: 2000-3000m² per donkey

Shelter on pasture: A = 3 * Wh² * n

feeding

Feed conversion: 30% higher than with horses

1kg hay = 3.5-4kg grass

Conversion horse - donkey

Donkey feed amount = G * 0.7 * horse feed amount; G = percentage weight of a horse

Example: 1kg amount of feed horse = 1/3 * 0.7 * 1kg = 200g;

Donkey weighs 1/3 as much as a horse and has 30% more feed conversion

Amount of feed: 1-1.5kg hay / 100kg body weight (approx. 1.5% of body weight, horse 2-2.5%)

Amount of feed grass to hay in a ratio of 1: 4

Feeding interval: 3-4 times a day

water: 8-10 liters / 100kg body weight

Wild donkeys can do without water for 2-3 days

Chew: 60-80 chewing strokes / min

teeth

number Teeth:

male: 40-44 teeth

female: 36-40 teeth

with 2 ½ first permanent frames

with 3½ first central teeth

with 4 ½ alternating canines

costs

Foal 10 months: stallion 360-600 EUR, mare 560-820 EUR

Normal donkey: gelding 770-870 EUR, mare 920-1100 EUR

Big donkey: gelding from 1300 EUR, mare from 1500 EUR

Pedigree donkey: from 770 EUR

Miniesel: 1000-3000 EUR

Maintenance costs:

Hay: 6months, 4kg / day and 6months, 2kg / day = 280EUR

Straw / litter: 4kg / day = 200EUR

Minerals: = 33EUR

Hoof care: 6 * per year = 150 EUR

Dental care: 1 * per year = 40EUR

Vaccination: Influenza / Tetanus 1 * per year = 60EUR

Deworming: 2-4 wormers = 40EUR

Total: = 803EUR

sexuality

Puberty: with 2-2 ½ years (males 2 years, females 1.5 years, females have cubs for the first time at 2-3 years)

Steeds: every 21-28 days

Duration of the horses: up to 8 days

Gestation period: 11-13 months (average 12 months)

Foal:

Number of boys: 1, in exceptions of 1.7% of cases 2;

Probability of survival for both 14%

get 3 foals in 4 years

Foal weight: 25kg

eats for the first time at the age of 5 days

Weaning at 12-14 months

Hiking, horse riding

Weight difference of the pack saddle left / right: max 2%

Load capacity: max 20% of its own weight

additional

areaa herd occupies: up to 14 km² (other source 23 km²)

Number of animals per herd: 20

Hearing ability:

Donkeys hear other donkeys up to 100km away in the desert

Memory: up to 25 years

Length of the ear: 20cm 🙂

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