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Iron golem

Health points

100 × 50

Behavior

Neutral (only if a player has at least -14 or higher popularity in a village, or if command spawned)
Hostile (natural if a player has at least -15 or lower popularity in a village)
Passive (player-built, or in peaceful difficulty)

Attack strength

To mobs:
7.5 × 3.75 to 21.5 × 10.75
To players:

Hitbox size

In Java Edition:
Height: 2.7 blocks
Width: 1.4 blocks

In Bedrock Edition:
Height: 2.9 blocks
Width: 1.4 blocks

speed

0.25

Knockback Resistance

1.0

spawn
Items usable on

At iron golem is a large, strong, neutral utility mob that defends players and villagers.

Spawning [edit]

Villages [edit]

In Java Edition, villagers can summon iron golems, either when they are gossiping or panicking. When a villager tries to summon a golem, up to 10 attempts are made to spawn a golem within a 16 × 13 × 16 box centered on the villager (villager block position + 7 / -8 blocks along x / z axes and + 6 / -6 blocks along y axis). A random y column is picked and then the topmost block in that column is selected that is air, water, or lava, and has a "solid-blocking" block underneath, or block at y = + 6 if none such is available in that column. The target location is then checked whether the block underneath has a solid top surface (which is not the same as "solid-blocking"). The target block and 2 blocks above must not be a full block, nor be redstone-powered, nor be rails, and the two blocks above must not be water. This means the iron golem can spawn inside 1-deep water or inside blocks like slabs, fences, and carpets (if other checks pass). Adjacent blocks are irrelevant, so golems can spawn partially inside adjacent solid blocks.[1] However, the spawning iron golem still must not collide with any existing entities.

In Bedrock Edition, an iron golem can spawn naturally when a village first generates in the world. Iron golems also spawn in villages having at least 20 beds and 10 villagers, in a 16 × 6 × 16 volume around the village center defined by a bed, a bell, or another meeting point. For a village to spawn iron golems, 75% of the villagers in the village must have worked in the past day, 100% of the villagers must be linked to a bed, and a player must be within 80 blocks of the village horizontally and within 44 blocks vertically. The chance of attempting a spawn is 1700 per game tick, which averages to one spawn attempt every 35 seconds. Iron golems can spawn provided the 2 × 4 × 2 space above the spawn point (that is, horizontally centered on the NW corner of the block it spawns on) contains only non-solid blocks, and the block it spawns on is solid. If the village's original iron golem is killed, a new one cannot spawn unless all of these conditions are met; Therefore, small villages do not regenerate an iron golem unless the village is expanded.

Creation [edit]

Iron Golem build configuration.
Iron Golem build configuration 2.
Iron Golem build configuration 3 ‌[BE only].

Iron golems are created by placing four iron blocks in a T shape (as shown in the image), and then placing a carved pumpkin, jack o'lantern or pumpkin‌[BE only] on top of the center upper block. The pumpkin may be placed by the player, a dispenser or an enderman, but it must be placed last. It needs space around it to be able to spawn and cannot spawn in a confined area. Alternatively, the blocks can be placed in any order with an uncarved pumpkin; the player can shear the pumpkin to spawn the golem. When successfully transformed, it is naturally passive toward all players under all circumstances. It can, however, attack the player’s tamed wolves, if punched accidentally, but it never directly attacks the player.

The block arrangement can be placed upright, lying down, or upside-down. The four empty spaces in the diagram (above and below each of the arms) must be air blocks. Any non-air block (including blocks such as snow layers, grass, and water) present in any of the empty spaces prevent the golem from spawning.

Like other constructed mobs, iron golems always spawn facing south. Their large size may cause them to take suffocation damage from nearby solid blocks at the level of their head.

Pillager outposts [edit]

An iron golem found within one of the cages surrounding an outpost.

Iron golems can also be found surrounding pillager outposts, confined inside dark oak cages. When freed, they can help the player by attacking any nearby pillagers.

Drops [edit]

Iron golems drop when they die:

Killing an iron golem with a weapon enchanted by Looting has no effect on the number of iron ingots or poppies dropped. Trading prices are unaffected by the killing of iron golems, however, villagereputation will decrease by 10, affecting village iron golem behavior.

Behavior [edit]

Iron golems wander around a village in a patrol-like fashion, staying close to the edges of buildings and other structures. Like villagers, iron golems do not wander away from a village, regardless of how they were spawned, but sometimes stand at the borders of the village. An iron golem sometimes faces a villager as if they are conversing. Iron golems can spawn poppies in their hands and offer them to villagers, symbolizing the friendly relationship between villagers and iron golems.

If not within a village, iron golems slowly wander around, usually making their way to a nearby village.

Iron golems can walk up a full block height without jumping and walk over a 1 block wide hole without falling in. They avoid water, lava, fire, and cactus. Iron golems are immune to both drowning and fall damage. When in water, they sink, but can still move freely.

In Java EditionWhen an iron golem's health reduces to 75%, cracks appear on its surface. An iron golem can be healed when the player right-clicks the chest of the iron golem with an iron ingot.

As with all utility mobs, iron golems can be leashed.

Iron golems move faster in Bedrock Edition.

Attacking [edit]

Iron golems are hostile toward most hostile and neutral mobs (see table below) within 16 blocks, although they are ineffective against flying mobs (ender dragon, wither, phantom, ghast) that don't venture into the iron golem's reach. If a player has -15 popularity or less in a village, naturally-spawned iron golems become forever hostile to that player. Naturally, they retaliate when attacked by a mob. Iron golems built by a player never attack players. Although they are guardians of villages, iron golems aren't actually provoked when a villager nearby is attacked by a mob (except a hostile mob like a zombie). This does not apply to players who are met with hostility when attacking a villager near an iron golem. Sometimes when a player attacks an iron golem in front of another iron golem, both iron golems become hostile to the player. Iron golems never attack each other.

When attacking, an iron golem moves quickly toward its target and swings its arms up violently to attack, flinging the target into the air, and dealing 7 to 21 × 10.5 damage in normal difficulty. Iron golems have a large attack range, allowing them to attack through a solid 1 block thick wall, even without a line of sight to the target.

It is possible for multiple golems to hit the same target simultaneously, flinging the victim to a height proportional to the number of golems that attacked.

If an iron golem attacks a group of zombies, for example, it attacks one, and attacks that zombie until it kills that zombie, even when other zombies attack the golem while the golem is attacking that zombie.

When an iron golem kills any mob, the player can obtain items dropped by the mob, but no experience orbs.

The list below contains all mobs including players.

Entity Iron golem attacks the mob on sight? Attacks the iron golem on sight? Notes
AxolotlNo No [upcoming: JE 1.17 & BE 1.17.0]
BeeNo No
BlazeYes When attacked They attack the iron golem if it has been attacked by it.
Chicken jockeyYes Partial A baby zombie riding a chicken attacks iron golems.

If a baby zombified piglin is riding the chicken, the zombified piglin attacks the golem only after the golem attacks first.
The iron golem attacks the rider, not the chicken.

CreeperNo No Creepers explode by a flint and steel, when shot by a skeleton, or by a player and they become damaged. Iron golems don't attack creepers, however, a nearby creeper explosion can still damage the golem.
DolphinNo No
DrownedYes Yes
Ender DragonYes No When in near vicinity, iron golems try to attack the ender dragon, although they are rarely able to. The ender dragon will not target iron golems, but may still hit them on accident.[verify]
EndermanYes When attacked Endermen attacked by the iron golem retaliate, following their normal neutral behavior.
EndermiteYes When attacked
GhastPartial No Iron golems almost never attack ghasts, but if close, and the ghast is not moving too much, the golem can attack ghasts. However, iron golems do not seek or approach any ghast outside its range.
Giant [unused mob][JE only]Yes No
Glow SquidNo No [upcoming: JE 1.17 & BE 1.17.0]
GoatWhen attacked Randomly [upcoming: JE 1.17 & BE 1.17.0] Goats may randomly attack iron golems. If the golem is attacked by the goat, the golem retaliates.
Guardian
Elder Guardian
Yes No
HoglinYes When attacked, group retaliates They attack if an iron golem attacks one hoglin. The group will not retaliate if babies are attacked however.
Iron golemNo No
Killer bunny[unused mob]No No
Llama Trader Llama When attacked Accidentally Iron golems attack llamas / trader llamas if the latter hits them accidentally with spit.
Magma CubeYes Yes Attacks big, medium, and small-sized magma cubes. Big and medium-sized magma cubes attack iron golems, but small-sized magma cubes are unable to deal any damage to iron golems. in Bedrock Edition, magma cubes completely ignore iron golems, but the golem still kills them.
pandaNo No
Polar bearNo No
phantomYes No
PiglinYes When attacked, group retaliates Piglins attack iron golems only if the iron golem attacks one piglin, or piglin brute. Iron golems attack baby piglins despite them being passive.
Piglin BruteYes When attacked, group retaliates Piglin Brutes attack iron golems only if an iron golem attacks a piglin or piglin brute.
PlayerWhen attacked
Yes (natural if a player has -15 popularity or lower in a village)
No (player-built, and in peaceful difficulty)
At player's discretion

A naturally-spawned iron golem or commands-spawned iron golem attacks the player if the player attacks it while playing in the adventure and survival modes (it does not attack the player in creative or spectator mode).
A naturally-spawned iron golem can also attack any nearby player who has -15 or lower popularity in a village.
Iron golems created by the player do not attack the player under any circumstances.

PufferfishWhen attacked defensive Iron golems attack pufferfish if damaged by the pufferfish's defense.
ShulkerYes When attacked They attack if an iron golem attacks one shulker.[verify]
SilverfishYes Yes‌[BE only]
Partial‌[JE only]
in Java Edition, they attack if the iron golem attacks one silverfish. Silverfish always attack iron golems in Bedrock Edition.
SkeletonStray
Wither skeleton
Yes Yes
Skeleton HorseZombie HorseNo No Iron golems attack the rider of a skeleton horseman, but not the horse itself.
SlimeYes Partial Slimes chase iron golems, but do not attack.
Snow GolemWhen attacked Accidentally The iron golem retaliates when a snow golem accidentally hits it with a snowball.
SpiderCave SpiderYes Yes
Strider jockeyPartial Partial Iron golems attack only the zombified piglin of a strider jockey, not the strider. The zombified piglin attacks the iron golem if one zombified piglin is attacked by the golem. When the zombified piglin is angry at the golem, the strider moves toward the golem.
VexYes Partial It attacks the iron golem rarely when the vex is nearby by the iron golem. It attacks immediately when an evoker summons three vexes.
VillagerNo No Iron golems' main objective is to protect villagers, not to kill them.
Evoker Illusioner[unused mob][Java Edition only]PillagerRavagerVindicatorYes Yes Iron golems attack unarmed pillagers, despite them being passive.
WitchYes Yes‌[BE only]
Partial‌[JE only]
Attack iron golems if patrolling in an illager patrol or iron golem attacking one witch. The witch throws splash potions of Poison or Harming when an iron golem attacks the witch.‌[JE only] Witches always attack iron golems in Bedrock Edition.
WitherYes Yes Iron golems always attack withers.
Wolf (untamed) No No
Wolf (tamed) When attacked In defense of owner Tamed wolves attack the iron golem if it attacks its owner, or the owner attacks the golem. When attacked by the wolf, the golem retaliates.
ZombieHuskZombie VillagerYes Yes
Zombified PiglinYes When attacked, group retaliates They attack if an iron golem attacks one zombified piglin.
ZoglinYes Yes
All other mobs No No

A naturally-spawned iron golem knows where raiding illager locations are from behind solid walls and from underground and attempts to move toward them. An iron golem created by the player or summoned by a command cannot detect raiders through obstructions.

Being attacked

Zombies (and variants), pulledlins, skeletons (and variants), spiders, cave spiders, slimes, magma cubes, withers, and illagers naturally attack iron golems on sight and may cause major damage, especially if the mobs attack in groups. If an iron golem is attacked by multiple mobs, it retaliates in the order it was attacked. In Bedrock Edition, silverfish and witches may naturally attack it too.

In Java Edition, iron golems have 100% knockback resistance from normal attacks. They can still be knocked back by the Knockback enchantment on swords and the Punch enchantment on bows. In Bedrock Edition, the Knockback or Punch enchantments have no effect on iron golems.

Cracking [edit]

Iron golems have different stages of being cracked to show their health. When their health is above 74 × 37, some cracks become visible. When their health is between 50 × 25 and 74 × 37, a few more cracks appear. When their health is between 25 × 12.5 and 49 × 24.5, they appear more cracked. When their health is lower than 25 × 12.5, many cracks are visible.

  • No deterioration
    More than 75% of health remaining

  • Low deterioration
    More than 50% but no more than 75% of health remaining

  • Average deterioration
    More than 25% but no more than 50% of health remaining

  • Strong deterioration
    No more than 25% of health remaining

Healing [edit]

In Java Edition, using an iron ingot on an iron golem restores its health by 25 × 12.5.[2]

Preferred path [edit]

Like villagers, iron golems in Bedrock Edition use a strategy of pathfinding that prioritizes walking on certain "low-cost" blocks.

Sounds [edit]