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Little suns for the garden Daisies: plant, care and propagate

use

The daisy gets its best appearance in the garden when it is put together in larger tuffs. Larkspur, lavender or coneflower go well with tall varieties. Small-stature varieties are also suitable as ground cover, for example in partnership with phlox or to delimit beds. Meadow marguerites (Leucanthemum vulgare) are planted or sown to create a colorful meadow. These spread themselves through the seeds and quickly appear in new places in the garden. Marguerites also decorate terraces and balconies in pots or tubs.

The young leaves and flower buds of the meadow marguerite (not hybrids) are edible and beneficial. They have a similar effect to chamomile, are diuretic and help with open cuts. The extracts can be drunk as tea or used as a tincture. However, if you are prone to allergies, you should be careful.

Location and soil

The daisy is straightforward. The wild and meadow flowers and also the perennials are robust and easy to care for. They can cope with almost any type of soil. A slightly acidic to neutral garden soil is ideal. All daisies prefer a sunny, sheltered place, but can also do well in partial shade. If you want to plant daisies in a tub, you should use high-quality potting soil for bedding and balcony plants.

Planting and propagation

The beginning of May, when the nights are milder and there is no more risk of frost, is the best time to plant all varieties of daisies. They are offered as a perennial, but can also be sown. Daisies spread quickly when they are comfortable in one place. In contrast to the perennials, the meadow marguerite sows itself.

Collect the seeds in late summer, dry them and store them in the dark until spring. New young plants also develop through the roots.

The cultivated varieties can only be propagated via division or cuttings. The best time to do this is in late summer. Then cuttings about 15 centimeters long are cut and placed in potting soil, which is kept evenly moist. Covering the pots with foil will help growth. In the following May, the young plants can then be planted in the bed.

maintenance

The daisy rewards caring care with particularly beautiful, stately flowers. In summer, the plants need to be watered up to two times regularly. If the flowers are too dry, they hang their heads and the leaves droop. However, waterlogging should be avoided. When daisies have faded, they don't fall off by themselves. They should therefore be cleaned regularly and the plant cut back. This promotes the rubbing of the flowers. A regular application of liquid fertilizer is recommended. A depot fertilizer that is worked into the soil in early spring also works well. That's enough for the whole season.

Marguerites are thirsty in summer and need water up to twice a day. If they stand too dry, they quickly droop their heads, but are quick to forgive small casting errors. Waterlogging should be avoided when watering. So that the perennials develop well, the plants should be moved or divided every three years.

Frost protection in winter

Most daisies are perennial if they survive the winter well. Perennial and hardy daisies include the perennials (Leucanthemum maximum). They can simply remain in the bed and then sprout again in spring. The various wild meadow daisies also overwinter in their location without any problems.

Pot daisies (Argyranthemum) and tall stems are perennial but not hardy. They should be left outside for as long as possible, but must be overwintered inside the house before the first frost. Before moving to a five to ten degree cool but bright room, the plants are cut back by about half. In the spring, slowly warm up and water more.

Marguerites in the tub, this also applies to the hardy perennials, cannot be overwintered outdoors.

Marguerites in the test

Marguerites are also tested in the teaching and research institute in Erfurt. It monitors what effects the climate has on the plants: How do the plants react if they are not cleaned out regularly? What if there is a lack of water or too much water is poured? The results of the daisy test are published after the season, when all test results have been evaluated, on the website: Working group for bedding and balcony plants.