What makes a culture popular

Lexicon: culture

The word "culture" comes from the Latin term "cultura", which can be translated as care, cultivation and agriculture. The definition and meaning of "culture" is very diverse and has also changed and developed over the course of time. In the broadest sense, the word describes something that has been worked on, cared for and produced by humans - in contrast to what we find unchanged in nature. So culture can be understood as the totality of the achievements of human civilization.

"Culture" also describes the way people live together. In the course of evolution, for example, man has developed a culture, for example by planning and carrying out hunting or other forms of procuring food, making clothes, tools or jewelry, building settlements and organizing community life. Rituals and beliefs as well as forms of communication are also part of human culture. The entire culture of a community thus includes the rules of coexistence, language and writing, religion, customs, manners and all forms of art - all those things that were created, designed and shaped by people. In a narrower sense, the term "culture" encompasses primarily artistic forms of expression. For example, when one speaks of "cultural offerings", one often refers to the areas of art, literature, theater, music or film.

If the word "culture" is used in the plural, one speaks of "the cultures" or "cultural circles", one delimits the traditions, ways of thinking and customs within an area as well as its social structure, politics, history, architecture, art and literature, music, Cuisine or leisure activities differ from those of other regions or nations. Many people are proud of the culture of their region or their country - it reminds of the history of their "ancestors" and creates a feeling of togetherness. Quite a few people want to distinguish themselves from other peoples and states and feel that they belong to their homeland, which they see as something special. You can also understand a culture across borders and then speak of "European culture", for example - this emphasizes the commonalities of the way of life, traditions and historical influences in several countries.

"Cultivation" can be translated as care and refinement. For example, one speaks of cultivating plants, meaning that they are raised and cared for by humans. The term "cultivate" can also be related to people: If you say of someone that he is cultivated, he means a particularly "cultivated" way of life. Often people want to stand out from other people or social groups and combine "sophistication" with belonging to a "higher class". They define themselves through a "good education", "polite" manners, a special - often elegant and expensive - clothing and appearance or, for example, through a certain taste in art and music.