Predominant toothpaste how many grams

Dental care: tips for proper dental care

One fills the entire surface of the toothbrush with toothpaste, the other only uses an amount the size of a pea. But what is right? Does even a small amount protect tooth enamel? Does it have to foam properly so that the oral cavity is clean? We asked an expert about dental health. Seven tips for proper teeth cleaning.

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The right amount of toothpaste

A small amount of toothpaste is only recommended for children, adults should use more: "With a pea-sized amount of toothpaste, the cleaning effect is too poor. A strip about one centimeter long should be," says Dr. Sebastian Ziller, Head of the Prevention and Health Promotion Department at the German Dental Association. "If the amount is too small, the active ingredients contained in the toothpaste cannot clean the teeth well. In particular, the important fluoride cannot develop its protective effect sufficiently." Toothpaste should definitely contain fluoride because it protects the tooth enamel from tooth decay.

Rinse or spit out

Spitting it out is better than rinsing it out. Those who do not rinse may swallow small amounts of toothpaste, but this is not a cause for concern. "If only small amounts are swallowed, it doesn't matter. Every manufacturer has to prove that his toothpaste is harmless, otherwise it will not be approved. In Germany this is very strictly controlled," says Ziller and recommends not using the mouth, or only a little to rinse. "If you only spit it out, the fluoride in the toothpaste can stick to the tooth for a longer period of time and develop its protective effect there. If you rinse out, you wash away this and thus its protective effect", explains Ziller.

The right toothbrush

A toothbrush should have a small head, as this is the best way to reach the back molars. But the same applies here: Apply toothpaste generously to the brush head. "The medium hardness is recommended for the bristles. The gums are not injured and the plaque is thoroughly removed," explains the dental expert. It is also important to choose plastic bristles, since natural bristles swell - bacteria can settle more easily. The brush should be replaced after three months. According to Ziller, tongue cleaners can certainly be used on the back of a toothbrush - but special tongue cleaners cover a larger area of ​​the tongue and are therefore much more effective.

Dental floss is important for dental health

According to the State Dental Association of Hesse, 30 percent of Germans do not know what dental floss is and only three out of a hundred use it. Proper care between the teeth is important to remove bacteria that lead to inflammation in the oral cavity. Dental floss should be used before brushing your teeth. This removes plaque and the fluorides in the toothpaste can work better.

Teflon dental floss

With waxed dental floss you can easily get into tight spaces, but it can happen that wax residues are deposited. "An alternative is dental floss made of Teflon. This fluorine-containing plastic slides just as easily into tight spaces as waxed dental floss," says Ziller. Unwaxed dental floss, on the other hand, is cheaper and good for wider spaces between the teeth, as the swelling fibers reach more tooth surface. "Basically, the selection and correct use of dental floss should be explained in the dental practice so that the gums are not injured," recommends the expert.

Oral irrigators are not a substitute for dental floss

The oral irrigator is no substitute for thorough tooth cleaning with a toothbrush and dental floss. "The pulsating water jet only removes coarse food residues, but no deposits and bacteria," says the dental expert. "The oral irrigator is a complement to toothbrushes and dental floss, but not a substitute." How to use interdental brushes correctly